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55 terms

Vocabulary for College B 9-12

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Militant
(adj.) given to fighting; active and aggressive in support of a cause; (n.) an activist
conscript
v. To force into military service.
fray
a noisy fight
insurrection
organized opposition to authority
joust
a combat between two mounted knights tilting against each other with blunted lances
ambuscade
the act of concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack by surprise
reprisal
an injury done in return for injury
phalanx
a body of troops in close array
citadel
a stronghold into which people could go for shelter during a battle
broadside
the whole side of a vessel from stem to stern, the simultaneous firing of all the armament on one side of a warship
cudgel
a club that is used as a weapon
truncheon
a short stout club used primarily by policemen
breech
opening in the rear of the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded
pecuniary
relating to or involving money
capital
a seat of government, punishable by death, uppercase, assets available for use in the production of further assets, the upper part of a column that supports the entablature, first-rate
farthing
a former British bronze coin worth a quarter of a penny
ruble
the basic unit of money in Russia
scrip
a certificate whose value is recognized by the payer and payee
bullion
gold or silver in bars or ingots
opulence
wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
lucre
Money or profits
usury
the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest
arrears
the state of being behind in payments
exchequer
the funds of a government or institution or individual
excise
tax on manufactured goods
impost
tax on imported goods
realty
real estate
commissary
a retail store that sells equipment and provisions to military personnel
patron
, n. a sponsor; a supporter; PROTECTOR
patrimony
An inheritance from a father or other ancestor
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child
travail
work hard
grub
to work hard, uproot, dig
stint
an individuals prescribed share of work
respite
a pause from doing something (as work)
fabricate
to make, manufacture; to make up, invent
efficacy
capacity or power to produce a desired effect
arduous
difficult to accomplish
grueling
characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion
straits
a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
rigor
strictness, severity, or harshness, as in dealing with people
assiduity
great and constant diligence and attention
hardihood
the trait of being willing to undertake things that involve risk or danger
surmount
to overcome, rise above
fortnight
a period of fourteen consecutive days, two weeks
diurnal
having a daily cycle or occurring every day, active in daytime
biennial
happening every two years
eventual
happening at the end of or as a result of a series of events
interminable
tiresomely long
procrastinate
postpone doing what one should be doing
perpetuate
cause to continue or prevail
inveterate
firmly established, long-standing; habitual
bide
(v.) - to wait, or remain in a condition
elapse
to slip away; go by
extant
still in existence