Group midterm 1-6
Terms in this set (120)
Training for individuals in Task Group leadership involves all of the following broad subject areas
Organizational development, Consultation, Management
A protocol of standards that sets forth core competencies for practitioners has been devised by
The Association for Specialists in Group Work
Jennifer is a 19-year-old emotionally stable college student, but her grades have started to suffer. Her parents suspect alcohol abuse, though they have no proof. They would like her referred to a group that addresses the risks of alcoholism in teenagers. The appropriate group setting would be
Dylan has participated in a court-appointed psycho-educational group designed to address anger management issues. It can be assumed that he filled out an assessment questionnaire
During intake and upon program completion
Warm-up -> action -> closure is beneficial in helping to achieve and maintain the balance between
Content and process
A view of a counseling group will typically show a population composed of
Diverse individuals with a similar problem/issue
Dan, a 34-year-old homosexual construction worker; April, a 21-year-old heterosexual single parent; and Sylvester, a 57-year-old Air Force retiree who underwent a blood-transfusion two years ago have all been recently diagnosed as HIV-positive. All need to address the issues of coping and "getting on with life." The appropriate setting for achieving this goal would be
A counseling group
In a psycho-educational group, the leader's main undertaking is to administer ___________ and create an atmosphere that cultivates _____________.
Chelsea, a 15-year-old has been diagnosed with bulimia. She reports that she is depressed, sees herself as overweight — though she is categorized by her doctors as being underweight — and is experiencing feelings of worthlessness. She would most likely be found in which type of therapy?
Financial concerns, the advent and increased frequency of managed-care structuring and cutbacks in resources have all led to the increased necessity of
A group of servicemen and women witnessed a training accident in which comrades were killed and others were left horribly maimed. Many are reporting the effects of being emotionally traumatized. The treatment of choice for these individuals would most likely be a group that
Is time limited
Shapiro (2010) states his belief that the future of BGT (Brief Group Treatment) hinges primarily on
Training of leaders
A leader is facilitating a group of diverse individuals — diverse in terms of nationality, race, ethnicity and age. The leader should
Avoid giving the impression that he or she favors one view above another
Openly discuss his or her worldview and its impact on the group process, even at the risk of alienating some
Solomon is an African-American counselee in your group. Quiet and withdrawn initially, he is quickly coming out of his shell. From a multicultural view, however, you must be aware that his race makes him more likely to
Terminate counseling earlier than certain other groups of people
People from specific cultures may be more inclined to turn to all of the following except _______ in order to address areas of concern
What is a recommended avenue of addressing concerns inherent in counseling others from cultures of which we are not members
Understanding the client's community and its hierarchies, Assisting others to recognize and address their prejudices and biases, Self-reflection
Jabir is a Muslim counselee. His counselor is unaware of many aspects of Muslim life, beliefs, etc. Teaching his counselor about these aspects of his life is, according to experts, likely to make him fee
Finding a list of reading sources where one can increase his or her base of knowledge regarding a diverse group
Can increase professional competence
A competent therapist remains ___________ in the counseling process while maintaining openness about ___________.
In order to learn more about cultural aspects of diverse clients, therapists should do all of the following
Create a safe environment, Listen carefully, Provide clients with opportunity to speak freely
The most crucial task of a group leader is
Establishing relationships with others
A new group leader, whether new to the profession or straight out of school, can bring which strength to the table to compensate for his or her lack of experience?
A fresh perspective
Jasmine is leading her first group. Things are not going according to plan. As prolonged periods of silence follow, one after another, she must learn
Measures to take to keep conversation going
That silence, though uncomfortable, is to be expected
DeLucia-Waack and Fauth consider ____________ to be most critical in the development of skilled, competent leaders of therapeutic groups?
Jefferson has been leading a counseling group for the past three weeks. Several issues have surfaced, issues that his training has not directly addressed. He could/should
Trust his instincts; it's the courageous thing to do
A behavior in which a group counselor addresses issues by setting an example of himself or herself is known as
Brett is 10 minutes away from his second counseling session. The group members have been expressing strong emotions ranging from anger to feelings of betrayal, pain to jealousy. Although he knows that he must be present, aware and empathic in terms of their situations, he remembers the voice of his supervisor in his head: "Avoid the risk of ______________ with your clients."
Self-revelation on the part of the counselor should be used with group members
Spontaneously and only as the situation calls for
"You always take Jenny's side. You're a racist! I can't believe somebody as dumb as you could become a therapist!" As the group leader, it's time for you to respond; all eyes are on you.
The situation demands a non-defensive response
By means of cultural influences, asking an African-American to "tone things down" can often be construed by the party as
Racist, Offensive, Insulting
Frances is recently divorced. She weeps openly and often. As a counselor and group leader, you too have gone through a painful divorce. Which of the following is an appropriate response?
"The emotions you are experiencing might be more common than you think."
"Would you like to talk more about your reactions?"
"Can I explain to you how I coped with my similar situation?"
When utilizing __________ in groups, it is particularly important to gauge the members' non-verbal reactions:
The verbal reiteration of what a second individual has stated — for purposes of clarification and so the other person can see that both of you understand the point — is known as:
Anthony states: "Since the accident left me paralyzed, I'm unable to walk. Imagine what it's like being a productive worker one day and being at home confined to a wheelchair now!" What is an appropriate reaction of the counselor utilizing the principle of clarifying?
"Anthony, not only have you been severely injured. You are now left paralyzed. Your life has been altered in many ways, and I sense the frustration which you are feeling."
Alan and Arturo, members of a counseling group, have expressed similar feelings of inadequacy following divorce. Sensing this, the leader attempts to foster a line of communication regarding the commonality of the issue between these members. This attempt to build cohesiveness and interaction is known as:
Isabella continually refers to "Kyle" in what often prove to be lengthy tangents regarding her college years. The name itself evokes a high degree of passion. The group leader can/should:
Ask the counselee how this person relates to present issues
A factor to be aware of when terminating a group is the members' potential feelings/fears of __________.
A stated disadvantage of the co-leadership model is:
Studies have determined that group therapy is:
Equally or, in some cases more, effective than individual therapy
Yalom (2005b) advocates a nontraditional view of __________ in terms of increasing the effectiveness of counselors and group leaders
Which of the following represents the paramount level of obligation for a counselor to report instances of suspected child abuse to authorities
Brabender (2006) describes the epitome of group therapist excellence as being the attainment of ____________.
Which of the following options are not recommended ways for George, a new therapist, to maintain a proper level of professional ethics throughout his career?
Attending workshops/attending conventions
___________ advocates that informed consent subjects such as therapeutic goals, theoretical orientation and length of treatment should be addressed after initial therapy has taken place.
Which of the following is recommended in the ASGW "Best Practice Guidelines" pertaining to informed consent?
Description of the leader's qualifications
Exceptions to confidentiality
Which of the following scenarios would be likely to include a limitation in client confidentiality?
Court-ordered counseling of any type
Incompetency to stand trial
Mason has been ordered to attend mandatory counseling for anger management. He is defensive, rebellious and uncooperative. Which of the following statements is accurate?
Counselee distrust should be treated with respect
Which of the following can greatly reduce the risk of a counselee withdrawing from a group prematurely?
Donna, a rehabilitation counseling participant, suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI) four months ago. Feeling "much better," she is intent on going on a river rafting trip this weekend. The group leader is obligated to:
Caution Donna regarding dangers and consequences
Experts warn of the potentially "______________" effect of the power and prestige which group leaders hold:
The ganging-up on a group member, according to Moreno (2007), is legitimate cause for
Wheeler and Bertram (2012) see which of the following presenting a danger to group counseling confidentiality:
Your new counselee is a recent immigrant from a new country. You are not familiar with many aspects of her culture. Which of the following is a legitimate concern pertaining to confidentiality?
Some cultures stress sharing of all personal matters; the client may share confidential details of counseling
Due to language barriers, the client may not understand the confidentiality information in its entirety
Some cultures view therapy as shameful. Do not leave any information regarding therapy or you as a therapist on phone messages
Which of the following is recommended in order to dissuade group members from divulging confidential information?
A written contract
ACA guidelines state that "counselors ...[must] avoid imposing values that are ______________ _____ counseling goals."
A majority of those in the counseling profession subscribe to a "white word-view." This statement is:
Reality according to Debiak
A counselor meets with a client who is wearing the traditional garb associated with a particular religious group. The counselor holds a negative view of this group's beliefs in certain matters. The counselor must, as a first step:
Become aware of and explore the potential reasons for the bias
Due to oppression and discrimination that many diverse members of counseling groups have faced, it is recommended that the group be a place where the subject of ___________________ can be openly explored.
Chung and Bemak (2012) present their view that "one cornerstone of doing multicultural social justice work" is:
A comprehensive and widely cited listing of characteristics, behaviors and attributes of effective group counselors pertaining to sexually diverse clients has been published by:
The Association of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Issues in Counseling (ALGBTIC)
In its essence, a theory is:
A general framework that provides structure and direction
The quality of the __________________ is crucial in ensuring successful therapeutic outcomes.
Tamara is beginning the process of integrating theories into an approach that she hopes to find effective and useful. It is recommended that she consider each of the following
Her interpersonal strengths
Her life experiences
The interaction between what individuals think and how those thoughts influence and affect feelings and behavior can best be described as one of:
Focusing on the feelings and emotions of group members is to pay particular attention to the:
The therapeutic domain considered most important for bringing about change is:
According to Hubble, Duncan, Miller and Wampold (2012), a positive ______________ is one of the strongest predictors of a positive therapeutic outcome.
The stated goal of psychotherapy is the _______________ of the personality through a process of insight.
Psychoanalytic theory stresses the examination of the subject's first _________ years of life:
Wolfgang has just consulted with his supervisor. He is concerned that his own objectivity is being compromised because of his own personal feelings and emotions toward his client and their relationship. He sees the client much as he saw his own abusive father. Wolfgang is experiencing:
Adlerian theory sees the main factor that influences people as ____________.
Which of the following is a hallmark of the Adlerian therapeutic approach as it pertains to the therapist-client relationship?
Therapy modes represented under the umbrella of Relationship-Oriented Approaches include all of the following:
Emotions associated with death, dying, mortality and loneliness are concepts strongly interwoven into which therapeutic approach?
Tyrone is interested in exploring additional types of therapeutic approaches in order to expand his repertoire. He expresses interest in a more client-centered approach. His supervisor suggests looking into writings of ____________.
The re-creation of situations that individuals experienced — situations that were difficult or not properly dealt with — in order to experience them in the here-and-now, is a hallmark of:
The fundamental goals of Behavioral Therapy are to increase ____________ and create new conditions that are conducive to the fostering of _____________.
Which of the following activities do represent a treatment approach of Behavior Therapy?
The elimination of negative self-talk, faulty and negative emotional responses and self-defeating thoughts and behaviors is fundamental to:
The "W" and "P" of the WDEP model of Reality Therapy refer to:
Whether a proposed group will be long term or short term is ____________ important when devising an initial
Always/it is a question which must be answered
Sometimes/unless the group is to be of limited and planned duration
The "R" which describes the stated purpose for forming a therapeutic group is:
Which of the following is considered a practical consideration when forming a therapeutic group?
The actual location (building, neighborhood, town, etc.)
The cultural makeup of the group
How to deal with members who might be under-the-influence during meetings
Marcy has proposed a group aimed at adolescents who are struggling in the post-divorce life of their parents. Marcy is a highly experienced social worker who has been practicing for more than a decade at the same community center.
Marcy must organize a proposal, and that proposal will need formal acceptance
Marcy may run into resistance and find acceptance of her proposal difficult
Marcy's efforts may be sabotaged by her peers; jealousy and control issues often rear their heads
To get the group started, Marcy may find herself up against the wall. In terms of her professional peers and administrators, she may find herself assuming the role of all the following
A clearly spelled-out statement on group participation presented to members before the group commences would be particularly important when:
The group is court-mandated
A particularly comprehensive guideline for group formation, recruiting and the dissemination of information to group members has been formulated by:
The Association for Specialists in Group Work
Juan has informed his interagency colleagues that his proposal for a PTSD group has been authorized, and he is seeking clients. His colleagues may:
Publicize, recruit and screen potential members
Potential additional weight, when screening group prospects, must be given to those who are deemed "difficult" as they:
Might be the ones who need the group the most
When a group prospect is coming from individual therapy, is a release form necessary for consultation with the individual therapist?
Yes, without exception
Preliminary screening for a group-therapy candidate should allow for which most comprehensive scenario:
For the candidate to be interviewed by all leaders and be given the opportunity himself or herself to interview the leaders
Which of the following is of paramount concern when screening and selecting potential group members?
The risk of harm by participating in the group
Group therapy is not recommended (contra-indicated) for all the following
Those who are highly paranoid
Those who are suicidal
Those who are facing an extreme level of crisis
Liz has been screened for potential group membership. She fits all criteria; however, she seems to lack the desire to participate. In the eyes of the leader Jacque, she just doesn't seem to "want" it enough. Which of the following should be considered?
This should be a factor; the desire to make positive change is deemed highly important
Candice has decided not to accept Roger into her group. After breaking the news, which of the following is considered the most ethically appropriate and most inclusive response?
Roger, other groups will come along, and we'll keep you in mind. However, I see the frustration you are feeling. Would you like to talk about those feelings?"
A group of parents meets weekly at the local community center to discuss divorce. The optimal size for this group would probably be:
Eight to ten
A group has been set up for in-patient psychiatric patients, patients who are relatively low-functioning. The group, ideally, should meet:
Daily, for short sessions
An excellent reference point for factors to be considered in inpatient therapy groups is:
Inpatient Group Psychotherapy (Yalom)
A fundamental concern when choosing a meeting place for a group is:
Sound conduction within the building
Which should be considered non-negotiable in a group with co-leaders?
Both leaders screen applicants
Two crucial tasks inherent in the initial stage of group therapy are orientation and ______________.
Bernie, in a very early session of a counseling group, expresses emotions ranging from fear to anxiety, uncertainty to hope. Looking to his therapist, Bernie's progress will hinge on the perceived level of ____________ which he feels.
Ambiguity and lack of a structured approach in groups often lead to:
In certain circumstances, there is hesitancy among members of certain racial and ethnic groups to discuss personal matters with members of groups perceived to be more dominant. A term that may be used to describe this defensive phenomenon is:
A group member is hesitant to interact and engage in self-disclosure. Robin, the group leader, states "I want you to know that this is a safe place. All of your secrets are safe here." This statement:
Asking group members to pair up with those of their choosing for self-disclosure exercises is:
A good idea: It lowers the level of perceived threat
If ________________ (s) is/are brought to the forefront and dealt with constructively, a negative can be turned into something therapeutic
Yolanda is cursing at other members in the group and occasionally at the leader himself. Other than the curses, she is silent. It is interfering with the group, which, as a whole, can't bypass these outbursts. Something must give. The leader should pay particular attention to:
What Yolanda is not saying
Conflict is most likely to occur during which stage of a therapeutic group?
Steering or redirecting a group member to the here-and-now:
Can be limiting and negative when the subject is grief
Before trust is fully established, "self-disclosure" on the part of members has a strong tendency to be all of the following
Sherman and Belinda are co-leading a group. One is nurturing and sensitive while the other is more direct, some even say "a bit too pushy." Which of the following statements is true?
The difference in style can be detrimental
Which of the following is an example of improperly "attending" to (a) member(s) of the group?
Tuning into the ____________ feelings and experiences of another person is ____________.
"Peter, I greatly value the authority, advice and experience that you bring to the group; however, please remember, the group has a leader, and that leader is me." This is an example of:
The Association for Specialists in Group Work protocol states that the responsibility of group leaders in assisting members in the development of their personal goals be done in a "_____________" manner.
Asking members how they _______________ with conflict within a group is a recommended means to assist in dealing it with when, and if, it arises
Predict they would deal
According to the findings of ____________, an overly confrontational leader has the capacity to harm his or her clients.
The setting and reinforcement of clearly spelled-out group norms is a recommended way of ensuring group __________.
Which of the following is a recommended manner of closing a regular group session (a regular session, not the final session)?
Leaving unanswered questions
Asking members what they don't like about the group