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Child Development chapter 1 section 1-3
Terms in this set (25)
Identify four ways you can benefit from studying Child Development.
-Better understand why children feel, think and act the -way they do
-Gain skills as a caregiver
-Learn to enjoy children more
-Explore whether a career related to children interests you
What are typical behaviors? How can knowing about them help you better understand children's behavior?
Typical behaviors are ways of acting or responding that are common at each stage of childhood. Understanding these behaviors can help you recognize when children are acting appropriately for their age
What are four things that caregivers provide to children?
-help children learn
-teach children how to get along with others
-how to know right from wrong
Identify four things that caregivers provide to children in addition to food and clothes.
Affection, stimulate learning, teach how to get along with others, teach how to know right from wrong
Compare lives of children today and in the 1800's in the areas of Dress, Education and Work
-Dress: Today children dress more comfortably and casually, back then they wore dresses and suits (more formal)
-Education: Today a large amount of kids go to school and they also are grouped based on age and abilities, back then not all kids went to school and there was little to no separation.
-Work: Today kids aren't expected to work as young, they may start doing housework, back then though kids worked much younger
Why is play important to children?
Involves stimulation which helps in brain development also it leads to social interaction which will help social development.
How might studying about children affect your views of childhood?
how you will raise your children, how teachers teach, and how we think of development today
What are four ways you can benefit from studying children?
-learn why children feel, think, and act the way they do
-discover caregiver's importance
-enjoy children more
-learn about career oppurtunites
How developed is a baby's brain at birth? How does it change by age three?
Not very developed at all it is about ¼ the size of an adult brain. By age three it is more development, children make connections which help brain develop
What is stimulation and how does it help a baby develop?
The use of the 5 senses. Stimulation helps with curiosity, attention span, memory and nervous system
What are typical behaviors?
Way of acting or responding that is common at each stage of childhood
Summarize the main theories of Skinner, Piaget, Erikson and Bandura
-B.F. Skinner - Positive reinforcement.
-Jean Piaget - Children are born with schemas which is how they know how to do things
-Erik Erikson - The ego develops as it successfully resolves crises that are distinctly social
-Albert Bandura - Children observe the people around them behaving various ways
What are the 5 characteristics of development
-Development is similar for each individual
-Development builds on earlier learning
-Development proceeds at an individual rate
-The different areas of development are interrelated
-Development is a lifelong process
What are the two influences on development and give an example of each.
-Heredity-the biological transfer of certain characteristics, blood type, eye color.....
What are the developmental tasks at each step of the Human Life Cycle
-Adolescence: Create identity, become independent, pursue education and career opportunities
-Young Adulthood: Begin a career
-The Thirties: Establish roots, reevaluate life choices
-Middle Age: Adjust to children more independent, reassess life choice (and make changes)
-Late Adulthood: Retire, become more involved in community
-Very Late Adulthood: Decline in health, share experiences to society
How does self-esteem affect development?
Children who feel good about themselves are more likely to show enthusiasm for learning, form friendships, and make healthy choices. Self esteem helps a child deal with successes and failures throughout life.
How can parents and other caregivers help children develop self esteem?
- Don't be overly critical
- Set realistic goals
- Encourage new activities
- Model self esteem
- Be honest about your own mistakes
What are the benefits of observing children?
- To better understand their development
- To identify ways of meeting a particular child's needs
- To identify children with special needs
- To get feedback on care giving
Why is it important to observe children?
It is the best way to learn about them. You can learn more about children by observing them than reading about them.
What are objective and subjective observations?
- Subjective-relies on personal opinions and feelings
How can knowing about them help you better understand children's behavior?
Can help you respond to children more appriately
Describe the 4 methods of observation (Running Record, Anecdotal, Frequency Count and Developmental Checklist)
-Running Record: The observer writes down everything observed for a specific behavior for a set period of time
-Anecdotal Record: Write down everything observed but over a long period of time (every morning for 2 weeks)
-Frequency Count: Tally of how frequently a certain behavior occurs
-Developmental Checklist: A list of skills children should master, or behaviors they should exhibit
When doing a frequency count, what is a baseline count?
The count before any changes are made to stop behavior
How should you position yourself and interact with children when observing (Formal and Informal)?
-Formal: near the child where you are able to communicate with them well
-Informal: be discrete, don't make it obvious that you are observing the child
What is the most important life stage for brain development?
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