Foundations of Music Ch. 3 & 4 Vocab
Terms in this set (30)
The movement and relationship of intervals and chords
The vertical aspect of music
- Enhance melody
- create movement toward an emotional goal
1st pitch of a scale , homebase, "Do"
The Principle of organizing all other pitches around the tonic pitch.
Stepwise series of pitches
all 12 pitches available in western music.
use of 7/12 available pitches in western music.
A diatonic scale with half steps between scale degree 3-4 and 7-1.
A diatonic scale with half steps between scale degree 2-3 and 5-6.
3 or more simultaneous pitches
3 pitch chord
built on the 1st scale degree
built on the 5th scale degree
Role of Tonic
Role of Dominant
Seeks movement to tonic
movement to a different key
A series of chords that moves towards an emotional goal
Stable pitch combination
Unstable pitch combination
Dissonance ------> Consonance
Use of modes
Diatonic scales with various half and whole steps
Chords do not create functional progressions
multiple tonality simultaneously
2 tonalities at once
all pitches free and equal
Has no tonic, no tonality, and no resolution
interweaving of melodic (horizontal) and harmonic (vertical) elements
- a single melody
one melody and an accompanying harmony
- 2 or more simultaneous melodies
- imitative counterpoint (all voices, same melody, enter staggered)
- non-imitative counterpoint (each voice is a different melody)
Meaningful combination of simultaneous melodies.