30 terms

VOCABULARY #24: Literary Devices

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plot
the story itself; a series of interrelated events/actions that create the story
conflict
opposition between or among characters or forces in a literary work that spurs or motivates the action of a plot (internal, external; person vs. person, self, nature, society)
setting
where and when the story takes place
theme
the central idea of a literary work
tone
the characteristic emotion or attitude of an author toward the characters, subject, and audience (anger, sarcastic, loving, didactic, emotional, etc.)
mood
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
characterization
the way an author presents a character and reveals
antagonist
the character that the main character (protagonist) struggles against.
protagonist
the principal character in a work of fiction, the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work
dynamic character
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
static character
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
round character
character about whom much information, such as thoughts, feelings, and action is given (developed)
flat character
a character who is not very well developed; has few identifiable characteristics
stereotype
a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
symbolism
a device in literature where an object represents an idea
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
imagery
description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
oxymoron
an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined
simile
comparison using like or as
metaphor
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
rising action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
climax
the point of highest interest in a literary work
falling action
the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved
resolution
end of the story where loose ends are tied up
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