Terms in this set (34)
Leopold was an american ecologist, and nature writer. His most known book A Sand County Almanac, advocated for the management of wildlife, and talked about the responsibility of the community to manage the environment (which he referred to as the land ethic.)
an American conservationist. He made extraordinary contribution to sea turtle conservation by way of bringing attention to the world's declining turtle populations due to over-exploitation and loss of safe habitat.
A biologist that ran for president in the 1980's, criticized the capitalistic economy that drove wasteful and destructive processes. wrote the 4 laws of Ecology:
Everything Is Connected to Everything Else. There is one ecosphere for all living organisms and what affects one, affects all.
Everything Must Go Somewhere. There is no "waste" in nature and there is no "away" to which things can be thrown.
Nature Knows Best. Humankind has fashioned technology to improve upon nature, but such change in a natural system is, says Commoner, "likely to be detrimental to that system."
There Is No Such Thing as a Free Lunch. Exploitation of nature will inevitably involve the conversion of resources from useful to useless forms.
was the 42nd president of the united states. He protected lands with national monument designations. He greatly strengthened clean air standards, placing tighter limits on smog and soot, and signed legislation for cleaner water restrictions.
Francisco Alves Mendes Filho, better known as Chico Mendes, was a Brazilian rubber tapper, trade union leader and environmentalist. He fought to preserve the Amazon rainforest, and advocated for the human rights of Brazilian peasants and indigenous peoples. He was assassinated by a rancher on December 22, 1988
One of the main founders of the Sierra Club, serving as the first executive Director. also The founder of many environmental organizations, including the Sierra Club Foundation, the John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies, and Friends of the Earth (1969).
Dr. Norman Myers
Contributions include work on mass extinction of species and problems of tropical deforestation. Integral to the development of the concept of biodiversity hotspots.
an internationally influential statistician and economist in Britain. His 1973 book Small Is Beautiful: a study of economics as if people mattered is among the 100 most influential books published since World War II. His book talks about how an economy can not be sound or perfect, while being based upon the destruction of the finite resources of the world.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Thirty second president of the United States, enacted government programs to provide jobs and restore degraded environment. Formed CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps). Purchased large tracts of farmland.
American ecologist who warned the dangers of overpopulation. He wrote about Tragedy of the commons (depletion of a shared resource by individuals acting independently and rationally according to each one's self interest, despite their understanding that depleting the common resource is contrary to the group's long-term best interests.) Also known for Hardin's First Law of Ecology: "You cannot do only one thing."
American politician served as a governor and senator who also was the principle founder of Earth Day.
George Perkins Marsh
American scientist and member of congress. He was famous for Man and Nature which warned people about resource conservation and questioned the notion of inexhaustible resources.
George Washington, Carver
creating more than 300 peanut-based products, numerous developments for the sweet potato, and developing revolutionary crop rotation theories.
1st chief of United States Forest Service, known for advocating for the conservation of the nation's reserves by planned use and renewal.
Henry David Thoreau
Recognized decreased biodiversity, wrote Life in the Woods which was about,him living in a cabin in the woods, and what he noticed about the changes in the environment. Also a tax resister.
Biologist known for Gaia Hypothesis which states that the biosphere is a self regulating entity with the capacity to keep our planet healthy by controlling chemical and physical environment.
Known for her 45 year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park.
Known for establishing Dept. of Energy to reduce foreign dependency on oil, helped create Superfund (tax put on companies that produce toxic/chemical waste that was used to compensate victims of environmental issues), and used the Antiquities Act of 1906 to protect more public land than any other president.
John Jay Audubon
Known for documenting all types of American birds and detailed illustrations that depicted birds in their natural habitat. The Birds of America was the manifest of his work.
Founded the Sierra Club in 1892 which bought land that isn't developed. John Muir was the leader of the preservationist movement. (Preservationist doesn't want to touch the resources at all).
Julia Butterfly Hill
American environmental activist known for living in a 180 ft tall California Redwood (which she named Luna) for 738 days to prevent loggers from the Pacific Lumber Company to cut it down. She wrote a book about the ordeal called The Legacy of Luna.
Member of the Ogoni people (ethnic minority in Nigeria) whose land has been used for crude oil extraction and suffered environmental damage from petroleum waste dumping. Spokesperson/President of MOSOP(Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People) in which he led a nonviolent campaign against environmental degradation of the Ogoniland by multinational petroleum industries (Especially Royal Dutch Shell company).
Environmental activist who presided in Love Canal, a city which was built on top of a toxic dump site which caused high rates of leukemia in children and other harmful symptoms. Gibbs led her community to fight against government and eventually got the govt to evacuate the city and clean it up. Her efforts led to the formation of CERCLA and Superfund.
M. King Hubbert
Geoscientist that worked at the Shell research lab. Famous for the Hubbert Peak Theory which states that "for any geographical area, the rate of petroleum production tends to follow a bell curve." It is one of the primary theories of peak oil. World authority on the estimation of energy resources and on the prediction of their patterns of discovery and depletion.
Wrote Silent Spring which alerted the public on pesticide pollution especially DDT which wiped entire populations of birds.
Famous for his novel Population Bomb, which warned people about population growth. His general thesis is that the human population is too large and is a direct threat to human survival and the environment of the planet.
Nicknamed the "Reluctant Environmentalist." Thirty seventh president of the United States. SIgned the Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, Clean Air Act, Endangered Species Act, EPA (Environmental protection agency).
40th president of the United States, increased private energy, mining and timber on public land. Cut funding for research on energy conservation and renewable energy. Eliminated tax incentives for solar energy and energy conservation. Lowered auto mileage standards and relaxed federal air and water quality pollution standards.
Discovered that chlorinated fluorocarbons, or CFCs, found in aerosol sprays, cause damage to the atmosphere, worked with Mario Molina
Discovered that chlorinated fluorocarbons, or CFCs, found in aerosol sprays, cause damage to the atmosphere, worked with sherwood Roland
26th president known for the Antiquities Act, which allows the president to reserve land for scientific or historical purposes. He is also known for creating the US Forest reserve, as well as creating federal wildlife refuges.
wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population, which outlined the theory that the population would eventually exceed the ability to feed itself.
wrote The Jungle, which was a fictional story based on a true story on the meatpacking industry, originally intended to help low paying jobs, instead, caused the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act to occur.
founder of the Green Belt Movement, which encourages people, mostly women to conserve the environment and improve livelihoods.
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