Midterm Test Review (SS7)
Terms in this set (46)
the study of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services
a way of life shared by a group of people
the study of history through artifacts that people leave behind
a first hand account of an event
plains, hills, plateaus, mountains
What are the features of the United States from west to East?
Pacific Ocean, Rocky Mts., Great Plains, Mississippi River, Appalachian Mts., Atlantic Coast
Why are the Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs important to remember?
They developed advanced civilizations before the arrival of Columbus
How did Native Americans get from Asia to North America?
Bering Strait land Bridge
learning how to use your environment to survive
Where were early colonial settlements located?
movement of plants, animals, and diseases from the Eastern to the Western Hemisphere
This was a major cause of death among native Americans
explorers were looking for this as a shorter trade route to Asia
This was established along the St. Lawrence River
This was established along the Hudson river
He was the governor of New Netherlands
Who took over New Netherlands?
The English, and they renamed it New York
Dutch settler who was given a plot of land if he brought 50 settlers to the colonies.
first permanent English settlement
Virginia House of Burgesses
first representative government
signed by the pilgrims to create a government that would benefit the colony
one of the earliest forms of government in New England
created the colony of Pennsylvania for the Quakers who practiced religious toleration
New England Economy
lumber, whaling, fishing
Middle colonies Economy
Southern colonies Economy
cash crops such as tobacco
Why did the economy of the colonies differ?
because of the geography and climate
forced to work in the Southern colonies to grow cash crops
Albany Plan of Union
attempt to unite the colonies against the French
a theory that a nations wealth depends on building up its gold supply through its colonies
pattern of trade from New England to West Africa to West Indies (from Molasses to Rum to Slaves)
The slave trade from Africa to the West Indies. Conditions were very poor, and many died from disease.
What caused England to be in debt?
French and Indian War; Parliament taxed the colonists to pay for the debt.
Proclamation of 1763
passed by Parliament to avoid conflicts with Native Americans
laws passed to control trade and ensure that England benefitted from trade with the colonies
What does "No taxation without representation" mean?
The colonists want a say in Parliament
a refusal to use or buy a product as a form of protest
Declaration of Independence
written by Thomas Jefferson; asserted the freedom and independence of the 13 colonies from Britain
a formal complaint
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
wants to be free from Britain
wants to remain loyal to the king
How did women help during the Revolutionary War?
managed the farms
Lexington and Concord
first battle of the American Revolution
turning point of the American Revolution
Final battle of the American Revolution