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12 terms

Healthy Living Vocabulary

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Carbohydrates
compounds made of sugars, starch, and cellulose and are used for immediate energy in your body
Lipids
compounds that are made of fatty acids that cannot be dissolved in water and are used for energy storage
Protein
substances made of nitrogenous compounds containing amino acids used for growth and repair of bodily tissues
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
form of energy that is usable by cells for energy produced from breaking down glucose
Digestion
the process of breaking down food into substances that can be used by the body
Cellular respiration
the process by which stored chemical energy is broken down to release ATP
Locomotion
the ability to move from one place to another; movement
Basal metabolic rate
the amount of energy required to maintain minimal essential life functions
Mitosis
the process of creating two identical daughter cells for growth and repair of tissues
Metabolism
the set of chemical reactions involved in storing fuel (food) molecules and converting fuel (food) molecules into energy
Calorie
a unit of energy
Energy (from food)
chemical compounds that are used to power bodily functions

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