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Level 3000 Level 4 RW Exploring content 2 Chapter 2 Understanding instinct and learning Vocabulary 2a

Associative learning

a learning process in which discrete ideas and percepts become linked to one another

To Bond with

: to form a close relationship with someone


extremely important


more important, powerful, or successful than most or all others


a system in which people or things are placed in a series of levels with different importance or status

Ecological niche

an environment that has all the things that a particular plant or animal needs in


everything that exists in a particular environment, ncludes living things, such as plants and animals, and things that are not living, such as rocks, soil, sunlight, and water


passed or able to be passed from parent to child before birth


to cause (something) to stay in your mind or memory


existing from the time a person or animal is born


the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way


a way of behaving, thinking, or feeling that is not learned : a natural desire or tendency that makes you want to act in a particular way


a type of animal that does not have a backbone


an action or movement of the body that happens automatically as a reaction to something


a supply of something (such as money) that someone has and can use when it is needed


to divide and give out (something) for a special reason or to particular people, companies, etc

Territorial behavior

used to describe animals or people that try to keep others away from an area that they use or control


an animal that has a backbone


not right or suited for some purpose or situation


one of the parts of something (such as a system or mixture)


something that happens as a result of a particular action or set of conditions


made up of people or things that are different from each other


a particular part of something (such as a situation or activity)


to get value or use from (something)


to try to take or get (something) in an eager or desperate way


separate from others


the act or process of improving something —often + of


the way in which two or more people, groups, countries, etc., talk to, behave toward, and deal with each other


[+ obj] to give money or another kind of payment to (someone or something) for something good that has been done


a very small supply : the state of being scarce [count]


—used to make a statement that describes how two people, groups, etc., are different

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