Terms in this set (38)
Radical opposition to any and all forms of government; were harassed, arrested, and deported during the Red Scare
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.
Ku Klux Klan
Organization whose membership grew as a result of the Red Scare and nativism, but its power declined once its criminal activity and racial violence was exposed
John L. Lewis
Leader of the united Mine Workers Union from 1919 until his death in 1969. He successfully championed the cause of better wages and shorter work weeks for coal miners
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1920s; arrested (1920), tried and executed (1927) for a robbery/murder, they were believed by many to have been innocent but convicted because of their immigrant status and radical political beliefs.
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war (or war itself) against one another
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S.
A group of poker-playing, men that were friends of President Warren Harding. Harding appointed them to offices and they used their power to gain money for themselves. They were involved in scandals that ruined Harding's reputation even though he wasn't involved.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Scandal in the 1920s involving Interior Secretary Albert Fall, who received kickbacks from oil companies in exchange for government land permits
Warren G. Harding
President who called for a "return to normalcy" following WWI
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations as part of the Red Scare.
In 1920s the cities begin to expand into the countrysides, making no countrysides available. One main cause of this is because of the rapid production of technology, mainly automobiles.
This tariff rose the rates on imported goods in the hopes that domestic manufacturing would prosper. This prevented foreign trade, which hampered the economy since Europe could not pay its debts if it could not trade.
Emergency Quota Act of 1921
European immigrants were restricted to a quota set at 3% of people of their nation living in the US in 1910
The period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by the 18th Amendment
A place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition
People who produced, smuggled, or sold alcoholic beverages illegally during the era of Prohibition
1925 court case in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools; Sometimes called the Monkey Trial
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer who prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school
1920s, the new women who bobbed their hair, partied, wore revealing clothes, ect. Scandalous!
produced intensely colored canvases captured the gradeur of New York
American novelist who satirized middle-class America in his 22 works, including Babbitt (1922) and Elmer Gantry (1927). He was the first American to receive (1930) a Nobel Prize for literature.
The most famous heavy-weight boxing champion of the 1920s. He helped make boxing a big money sport.
A Jazz Age (1920s) composer who was the son of Russian immigrants and, like many others during his time, mixed symphony and jazz together to create an entirely new style that represented how America was a mixture of peoples.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
In 'This Side of Paradise' and 'The Great Gatsby', he portrayed wealthy people as living shallow lives.
WWI vet whose writing criticized the glorification of war and introduced a simplified style of writing.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean
Jazz pianist and composer who won fame as one of America's best composers. He wrote such pieces as 'Mood Indigo' and 'Sophisticated Lady'.
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, disagreed with Booker T. Washington and encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
..., First great jazz soloist. Played trumpet and was instrumental in developing scat singing, Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote verse, essays, and 32 books; he helped define the black experience in America for over four decades.
Zora Neale Hurston
During the Harlem Renaissance, she wrote about pride in being black and a woman, famous for "Their Eyes were Watching God"
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
Universal Negro Improvement Association
Association founded by Marcus Gravey in 1914 to foster African American economic independence and establish an independent black homeland in Africa.
Founded by W.E.B Du Bois in 1910 in order to help create more social and economic opportunities for blacks