38 terms

Japan

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Describe the geography of Japan
Japan is located 120 miles off the coast of Asia. In some ways, it is a difficult place in which to live. Only 15 percent of the land is flat enough for farming. Volcanoes, earthquakes, tidal waves, and hurricanes are a constant danger. Also, the islands have few natural like coal and oil. Mountains mile climate many rain
What were China's influences on Japan? Explain
°Religion- Combined buddhism with traditional shinto rituals
°Government- Adopted principles of Confucianism for Japanese government
°Writing Systems- Used Chinese characters to stand for additional ideas and sounds in language
°Arts- Employed Chinese techniques and themes, especially in landscape painting
°Agriculture- Adapted Chinese wet-field rice cultivation to Japan's island environment
What was the structure of early Japanese society
Japanese society remained organized around large and powerful clans for centuries. They were the only people known by a family name and a individual name. Some had special skills like pottery making and weaving cloth. Some where enslaves.
What was the main source of wealth and power in Japan?Why?
Land was the main source of wealth and power because so little of it was available for cultivation.
Who held the real power in early Japanese society
The military leader or in other words shogun had the real power in Japan.
Why were emperors considered both human and divine
All emperors are consider human but because of his tradition they considered him to be divine. They are descendants of sun goddess
What things did Prince Shotoku do to help Japan grow and develop? Explain
He encouraged Japanese to learn from their powerful neighbor. He sent scholars and artist to help Japan study. He opened an embassy, and he created guidelines for Japanese leaders that were based on Confucian principles, such as hard work and obedience to authority.
Where did the Japanese get Buddhism from AND how did Buddhism have a powerful influence on Japanese culture? Explain.
Since Buddhism had supported Prince Shotoku it spread rapidly in Japan.
Why did Buddhism appeal to many Japanese
The Buddhist belief that peace and happiness could be gained by leading a life of virtue and wisdom appealed to many.
What did the followers of Zen Buddhism believe
Followers believed that quiet reflection was more useful than performing ceremonies or studying scriptures
Where did Japan get its writing system from
Japan got its writing system from China .
How are Japanese writing and Chinese writing similar
They both use characters to stand for specific objects, actions, or ideas.They used characters to stand for certain sounds which characters worked like letters or syllables in English
Why was the Tale of Genji an important literary (writing) achievement? Explain
The tale of genji was an important literary because it was one of the first important novels
What clan was one of the most powerful families in the 800's
Wealthy nobles of Fujiwara clan was the most powerful family in the 800's and became ruler of Japan
Why did the power of the central government and the Fujiwara clan decline? Give reasons.
The government was running out of money, they lose money over larger landholders, and the daimyo paid no taxes to the government.
How did feudalism begin in Japan? (Explain how the power of the Daimyo increased and why and what did the small landowners want from these powerful Daimyos? For what reasons did Daimyo's hire Samurai?)
When the government lost power they feudalism started. They hired daimyo and samurais to protect and to attack other daimyos. When the power of Daimyo increased the government weakened and the lawlessness increased. The lord-vassal system increased the power of large landowners. This marked the start of feudalism in Japan.
Explain what the system of feudalism (what are the roles and what did each level do for the other and get from the other levels?)
The emperor is on top who rules Japan, then comes the shogun with real power, than the samurai warriors who helped to fight, peasants and artisans who made the largest class, merchants who were wealthy but were selfish.
What was the Samurai's main job? Explain. (**use textbook and the keynote Shoguns and Samurais to answer this question)
Shoguns main job is to serve the daimyo.
Explain the Code of Bushido that every Samurai warrior lived by. (**use textbook and keynote Shoguns and Samurais to answer this question)
The code of Bushido meant that they lived in honor, loyalty and bravery. Shoguns pledge to show respect to the gods and generosity to the poor. Give up life in exchange of daimyo. You served as example to the lower classes.
How did these three powerful military leaders unite Japan
Oda Nobunaga: Oda was a fierce warrior and who recognized the importance of the guns. His soldiers were the first to use guns in battles and defeat armies that were that were many times larger than it's own.
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Toyotomi Hideyoshi: Hideyoshi was a common soldier and risen to become a superb leader, through force and political allicances he ruled until he died in 1598. He was the first to hold clans before death
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Tokugawa Ieyasu: He found the dynasty that helped Japan until 1868.
What was the result of the unification of Japan
Peace and stability.
How did Chinese culture get to Japan
Korea is a Peninsula they are separated by a river from their neighbor in the north and it has been easy throughout history
which country was most influenced by Chinese culture?
Korea was most influenced by China.
How was Korea influenced by the Chinese? (basically, what did they learn from them?)
They learned buddhism, writing systems, civil service, printing, and porcelain.
Why were the Mongols not successful in conquering Japan
The mongols were not successful because of a storm.
Who established the first dynasty in Japan
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Why did the Tokugawa Shogunate close off Japan to Westerners? Explain
Ieyasu and his successors worried about foreign influences from the west and because he banned Christianity and executed Japanese Christians. Did not allow people to leave.
regent
If a child was succeeded to a throne the regent was the person who was appointed
Shinto
way of the gods
Shintoism
It is based on respect for nature and ancestors. According to Shinto, rocks, trees, rivers, and other natural objects are often home to divine spirits
Zen Buddhism
Zen put emphasis on self-discipline, simplicity, and meditation
Prince Shotoku
One of Japan's most important regents
Kabuki
another style of drama
Noh
actors developed a special type of drama
Samurai
supreme commander of the arm
Kamikaze
What he Japanese called the typhoon, and believed the gods had helped them