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AP Human Geo Chapter 11 Vocab
Terms in this set (31)
refers to the spatial clustering or concentration of industrial activities in a relatively small area
a manufacturing process (most of the time called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from work station to work station where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced
a location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another
a former industrial or commercial site where future use is affected by real or perceived environmental contamination
an industry in which the final product weights more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs
an industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs
A business process or an industry that requires large amounts of money and other financial resources to produce a good or service.
manufacturing based in homes rather than in factory; commonly found prior to the Industrial Revolution
decline in industrial activity in a region or economy.
export processing zone
Type of free trade zone (FTZ), set up generally in developing countries by their governments to promote industrial and commercial exports
an industry that can be placed and located at any location without effect from factors such as resources or transport
is a notion of a modern economic and social system based on an industrialized and standardized form of mass production.
a stage at which an industry prefers to run in its former location although the main alluring factors are gone
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
economies of scale
a proportionate saving in costs gained by an increased level of production.
an industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses
Weber's least-cost theory
A theory of industrial location, developed by Alfred Weber, that locates industries based on their classifications as "bulk-reducing" or "bulk-gaining industries." It uses transportation, labor, and agglomeration and it tries to find the lost costing which will make profit the most.
is concerned with the geographic location of economic activity; it has become an integral part of economic geography, regional science, and spatial economics
A region in which manufacturing activities have clustered together
the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
a decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers
industry, such as mining, agriculture, or forestry, that is concerned with obtaining or providing natural raw materials for conversion into commodities and products for the consumer.
raw material orientation
the location of the manufacturing plant in relation to the source of raw materials
are the actual physical, environmental and demographic features of a site. Site characteristics are specified in an early site permit or in a final safety analysis report for a combined license.
Characteristics that involve transporting materials to and from a factory
industry that converts the raw materials provided by primary industry into commodities and products for the consumer; manufacturing industry.
the degree to which one place can supply something that another place demands
an urban center with certain attributes that, if augmented by a measure of investment support, will stimulate regional economic development in its hinterland
the tendency of an economic activity to locate close to its market
special economic zone
is an area in which business and trade laws are different from the rest of the country. SEZs are located within a country's national borders, and their aims include: increased trade, increased investment, job creation and effective administration.
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