Roll's Literary Terms for Sixth Grade
This set is made up of literary terms that kids should know and recognize my their mid-sixth grade year.
Terms in this set (89)
the person telling the story
told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"
narrator use "you" to bring the reader into the story
Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story - an observer
the time and place of a story
A main character in the story that changes and creates action in the plot
all characters other than the protagonist or antagonist (they are not the main characters but are necessary to the plot). They are considered minor characters
the main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict
the character that the main character (protagonist) struggles against.
Aspects of physical appearance, such as body size, skin color, hair color and style, facial hair, and facial features.
A character's original qualities shown through how they act, what they say, and what others think about them.
characters that change throughout the story
static or flat characters
The character does not change throughout the story. The author gives very little information about the feelings or emotions of these characters.
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
series of related events that make up a story or drama
the high point, or turning point, of a story or play
problem in the story
4 types of conflict
man vs. self
man vs. man
man vs. society
man vs. nature
the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved
The ending to the story that states the final outcome of the conflict and/or what might lie ahead for the characters in the story.
conversation between two or more characters
4 reasons for author's purpose
When a person tries to convince another person to believe a certain way or to do a certain thing
to give information or facts
a writing designed to share what one sees, hears, tastes, touches, or feels
a writing to take one on an adventure to experience emotions such as joy, fear, sadness, or happiness
the significance of a story or event
The main idea or meaning of a text. Often, this is an insight about human life revealed in a literary work. Think of the story's lesson for the world.
the attitude toward the subject and audience conveyed by the language (word choice) and rhythm of the speaker in a literary work.
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
A scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
type or category of literary work (e.g., poetry, essay, short story, novel, drama)
a literary work that is made up; created in someone's mind; not based entirely on truth
a type of literature that tells about real-life people, places, events, things, etc.
a story that is made up but it's believable and could happen
Fictional story that makes use of real events, places or people from history
a genre of fiction in which the stories tell about the science and technology of the future
A story containing unreal, imaginary features.
a brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
A narrative form, such as an epic, legend, myth, song, poem, or fable, that has been passed down orally for generations, often revealing a culture's values and beliefs
a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage
introductory remarks in a speech, play or literary work, introductory action
a lesson taught by a literary work
a short passage added at the end of a literary work
a writer's account of his or her own life; written from the 1st person point of view
story of a person's life written by another person
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid. Examples include personification, similes, metaphors, hyperbole, and idioms
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
The use of words (such as hiss or murmur) that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to
Ex: plop, fizz, ding-dong
a word or group of words in a literary work which appeal to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing, and smell
a device in literature where an object represents an idea
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
getting a well-known person to endorse another person, product or idea.
an article in a newspaper or other periodical that expresses the opinion of the author
a prejudiced view (either for or against); a preference
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
examine and note the similarities or differences of
to show differences when compared
the order in which things happen
the parts before or after a word or statement that influence its meaning
the central idea in the piece of writing
is an expectation of what is likely to happen in a situation based on observations or patterns
inference / drawing conclusion
something the reader understands although it hasn't been directly stated
a brief statement that presents the main points covered in the reading passage
the dictionary definition of a word
refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition, the feeling and emotions surrounding a word
a book of synonyms and antonyms
words with similar meanings
words that have opposite meanings
to place close together to emphasize the similar or contrasting qualities
a worn-out idea or overused expression
a polite term used to avoid directly naming something considered offensive or unpleasant (ex. concentration camp, "a meeting with dad," or "a nice opportunity"
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms (ex. jumbo shrimp, burning cold)
the manner in which something is expressed in words - informal, formal, slang
the study of words and their origins
an unexpected outcome, or the use of a word that is opposite of its literal meaning
poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable
the pattern of end rhyme in a poem
a group of lines in a poem or song that constitute a division (in prose: paragraph)
an extended comparation of relationship based on the idea that the relationship between pair of things are like the relationship between another pair
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.