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AFST Exam #1 - Multiple Choice
Terms in this set (67)
Which body of water does not border the continent of Africa?
Which is not one of the three major African environments?
Most of the northern third of the African continent is made up of the ___________ Desert.
ccording to Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man (1871), where did mankind first originated?
Which one of the following is not evidence used to show that human early evolution took place in Africa?
The earliest known hominids were the
According to the "out-of-Africa" model for development of man,
modern humans originated in Africa, and began migrating to the rest of the world about 100,000 years ago.
T/F: Racial differences' are the result of local adaptations to climate and environment not because of membership to different 'races' or 'species'.
Late Stone Age ornaments and tools used to acquire food were made of
Stones, Bones, Leather, Eggshell
The most vivid evidence of Late Stone Age life comes from
Paintings and engravings on cave walls
Which of the following were used to hunt animals? (Select all that apply)
Specially-shaped microliths & Poison-tipped arrow
Which is not a Late Stone Age technological advance?
Which were sources of food in the Late Stone Age? (Select all that apply)
Fishing, gathering, hunting
T/F: In most Late Stone Age communities, the division of labor required that men enjoyed a higher status than women.
T/F: Late Stone age societies were generally non-egalitarian; they conferred a special status to the most successful hunters.
T/F: The spread of language and culture across Africa during the Stone Age occurred as a process of displacement of people groups.
How many indigenous language families of modern Africa are there according to linguists?
Match the four major language groups with the region within which each is spoken.
The middle Nile and Niger river bend, Nubian Mountains, south-west of the Ethiopian highlands and across the savannah south of the Sahara.
The Nile cataracts of northern Sudan, the Red Sea, and the Ethiopian highlands, north-eastern Kenya and across north Africa.
South-central, southern Africa and Tanzania.
The woodland savannah of west Africa and west of the middle Nile.
Scientists now calculate that all living humans are related to a single woman, a "mitochondrial Eve", who lived roughly
150,000 years ago
When a plant or animal has, over generations, become dependent on human assistance, it is said to have become _______________.
Which of the following were domesticated by the Nilo-Saharans between 9000 and 5000 BCE? (Select all that apply)
Cotton, cattle, watermelon, gourds
Tef, noog, and enset are ______________.
high yielding crops developed by Afro-Asiatic speakers of the Ethiopian highlands
In the wetlands of the inland delta of the upper Niger river, _____ was domesticated between 3000 and 1000 BCE.
What important implications did the development of farming have on Late Stone Age African social processes? (Select all that apply)
The population increased
Social groups and occupations not engaged in agricultural production emerged
African societies no longer needed to be perpetually on the move in search of food
What two factors contribute significantly to the existence of political leadership amongst these settled communities?
High levels of agricultural production and need to coordinate cultivation
Which of the following were pastoralists' livestock not usually used for?
To trade for agricultural crops
During the wet phase (9000-6000 BCE) large fishing settlements were formed where?
Pastoralism developed in drier grasslands or higher altitude plateaus because _________________________________.
of the absence of the tsetse fly
In a natural economy, wealth is determined in terms of all of the following except for
What discovery revealed insights into the life of Saharan pastoralists during Neolithic times?
Cave and rock paintings depicting aspects of everyday life
T/F: Around 5000 BCE African human communities migrated from central Sahara to the Nile River valley because the desert became increasingly hotter, drier and larger in
When did permanent agricultural settlements of full-time farmers became established in the valley of the Nile?
5,000 - 4,000 BCE
In 3100 BCE, King Narmer of _______________ conquered _____________ beginning a 3000 year long civilization.
Upper Egypt; Lower Egypt
What happened to the surplus harvest of Egyptian farmers?
It was collected as tax
The kingdom was divided in ______[x]_______ local districts, each overseen by a ______[y]______ appointed by the ______[z]________.
40, governor, pharoh
What were the most important state practices of Ancient Egypt?
conquest, collection of taxes, and integrating economy
Select the option that presents the three centralized, unified, and indigenous kingdoms of Ancient Egypt in the correct chronological order
Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
What is the most important political achievement of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt as it relates to state formation?
the establishment of capitol from which to rule
Which statement best characterizes the New Kingdom of Egypt?
Ancient Egypt was an expansionist state
T/F: Since social standing was not highly emphasized in life, the type of burial an Ancient Egyptian received was not very reflective of his/her class.
Which of the following is true about Ancient Egyptians?
They were very dependent on the Nile for their protection, agriculture, transportation and communications.
During its 3000 years of existence, Ancient Egypt did all of the following except for
Lack any substantial change
In his article "The Meaning of Our Work", Cheik Ante Diop claims that the West has not been calm enough and objective enough to teach our history correctly. In support of this assertion, Diop argues that
Ancient Egypt was a Negro (Black) civilization.
T/F: Iron-smelting technology involves a complex chemical process of extracting iron from ore.
What is the main source of archeological evidence for iron smelting?
Waste slag from furnaces
T/F: The theory that iron smelting technology 'diffused' from one source is widely accepted by historians and archeologists.
Which statement is the most accurate regarding African early Iron Age technology?
Africans in different regions on the continent separately invented iron-smelting techniques.
The 'Nok Culture' was among the earliest to __________________________________________.
master iron working and an archetype of African art.
Which of the following two states share a clear artistic link with the iron-working farmers of central Nigeria?
Benin and Ife
Which of the following is a Nubian kingdom that was conquered by Egypt in the 8th century BCE?
__________, a Nubian kingdom, became Africa's first Iron Age state, based on the production and use of iron.
With decline of Egyptian control of Nubia around 1100 BCE, the _____________ formed when indigenous rulers re-asserted their independence and establish a political capital.
Kingdom of Kush
The 'island of Meroe' refers to the region between what two rivers?
Nile and Atbara
The Kushite court moved their capitol moved to Meroe, a city that provided which of the following economic advantages?
A and C only
The kingdom of Meroe came to an end sometime after _____________.
What does "Bantu" refer to?
a language family belonging to the wider Niger-Congo linguistic group which is spoken over much of Africa
The movement of Bantu speakers over and across the continent was a slow process which facilitated the spread of language, knowledge of agriculture and eventually, ______ technology.
Which of the following is not an significant type of archeological evidence?
grain and vegetable fossils
How are Early Iron Age peoples are often classified?
A and C only
Urewe, Nkope, and Kwale are ___________.
Eastern stream styles of pottery
T/F: The basis of the Early Iron Age economy was trade.
T/F: Peoples of the Early Iron Age stopped hunting and gathering.
The 5th-8th century of the Early Iron Age is characterized by _______________________.
the identification of local natural resources, their development, extraction and usage
Villages of the Early Iron Age ______________________.
Consisted of extended family and dependents
Which of the following does not describe the kin-based societies of the Early Iron Age?
Women normally assumed overall control of the community
T/F: One important effect of the iron revolution is that African communities moved from a more egalitarian society to a hierarchical society.
T/F: Although Stone Age hunter-gatherers and Early Iron Age farmers lived in close proximity, they had so little social interaction and transactions that they did not transform or affect one another.
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