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304 terms

Spanish Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
abordar
to board
abrir
to open
acabar de
to have just
acampar
to camp
acostarse
to lie down/go to bed
afeitar(se)
to shave
alcanzar
to reach
alquilar
to rent
apagar
to turn off
aparecer
to appear
aprender a
to learn
asistir a
to attend
atribuir
to attribute
atraer
to attract
bajar
to go down
bañar(se)
to bathe
caber
to fit
caer(se)
to fall down
cambiar
to change
caminar
to walk
conseguir
to obtain
contar
to count/tell
contestar
to answer
corregir
to correct
crear
to creare
darse cuenta de
to realize
deber
must/to owe
dejar
to leave something behind
desaparecer
to dissappear
descubrir
to discover
despertar(se)
to wake up
dirigir
to direct
elegir
to elect
encender
to turn on
entender
to understand
esparcir
to spread/scatter
esperar
to wait/hope
exigir
to demand/require
fingir
to pretend/fake
firmar
to sign
haber
to have
hacer
to make/dp
llegar
to arrive
lograr
to achieve
mantener
to maintain
ofrecer
to offer
oler
to smell
parecer
to seem
patinar
to skate
pertenecer
to belong
poder
to be able to
poner
to put/place
valer
to cost
tratar
to try
traducir
to translate
tomar
to take
surgir
to arise
suponer
to suppose
recoger
to gather/pick up
quitarse
to remove
quedar
to stay/remain
los documentos de identidad
identification
el apellido
last name
el carnet estudiantil
student I.D. card
la dirección
address
el domicilio
residence
la edad
age
el estado civil
marital status
la fecha de nacimiento
date of birth
el lugar de nacimiento
birthplace
la nacionalidad
nationality
el nombre
name
el pasaporte
passport
el permiso de conducir
driver's license
la profesión
profession/job
la tarjeta de identidad
I.D. card
estar casado
to be married
divorciado
divorced
separado
separated
quedar viudo
to be widowed
ser soltero
to be single
la descripción física
physical description
llevar anteohos
to wear glasses
lentes de contacto
contact lenses
ser alto
to be tall
bajo
short
de talla media
of average height
ser atlético
to be athletic
delgado
thin
gordo
fat
ser calvo
to be bald
ser moreno
to be brunette
pelirrojo
red-haired
rubio
blond
tener los ojos azules
to have blue eyes
de color café
brown eyes
tener el pelo castaño
to have chestnut hair
negro
black hair
rubio
blond hair
tener el pelo corto
to have short hair
largo
long hair
tener señas particulares
to have distinguishing features
tener barba
to have a beard
bigote
a moustache
una cicatriz
a scar
un lunar
a beauty mark
pecas
freckles
los pasatiempos
leisure time activities
charlar con amigos
to chat with friends
bailar
to dance
contar chistes
to tell jokes
dar un paseo
to talk a walk
escribir cartas
to write letters
hacer crucigramas
to solve crossword puzzles
hacer ejercicios
to excercise
ir a bailar
to go dancing
ir a un concierto
to go to a concert
ir de compras
to go shopping
jugar al fútbol
to play soccer
al golf
golf
al tenis
tennis
leer una novela
to read a novel
el periódico
the newspaper
una revista
a magazine
mirar la televisión
to watch televeision
practicar los deportes
to participate in sports
tocar la guitarra
to play the guitar
el piano
the piano
el arreglo personal
personal care
la afeitador electrica
electric shaver
el agua caliente
hot water
el cepillo de dientes
toothbrush
la crema de afeitar
shaving cream
el champú
shampoo
el desodorante
deoderant
el espejo
mirror
el jabón
soap
la laca
hair spray
el lapiz de labios
lipstick
el maquillaje
make-up
la pasta de dientes
toothpaste
el peine
comb
el rimel
mascara
el secador
hair dryer
la sombra de ojos
eye shadow
las tenacillas de rizar
curling iron
la toalla
towel
afeitarse
to shave
arreglarse
to get ready
cambiarse de ropa
to change clothes
cepillarse el pelo
to brush one's hair
despertarse
to wake up
desvestirse
to get undressed
ducharse
to shower
lavarse los dientes
to brush one's teeth
lavarse el pelo
to wash one's hair
levantarse temprano
to get up early
tarde
late
maquillarse
to put on make-up
peinarse
to comb one's hair
perfumarse
to put on perfume
poner el despertador
to set the alarm clock
ponerse la camisa
to put on one's shirt
quitarse la camisa
to take off one's shirt
rizarse el pelo
to curl one's hair
ser madrugador
to be an early riser
dormilon
a heavy sleeper
vestirse
to get dressed
descansar
to relax
echar una siesta
to take a nap
una telenovela
a soap opera
los noticias
the news
los deportes
sports
reunirse con amigos
to get together with friends
estudiar
to study
hacer la tarea
to do homework
prepararse para los examenes
to prepare for exams
tomar apuntes
to take notes
hacer diligencias
to run errands
comprar estampillas
to buy stamps
enviar una carta
to send a letter
un paquete
a package
hacer compras en el gran almacen
to shop in the department store
el supermercado
the supermarket
la tienda
the store
ir al centro comercial
to go to the shopping center/mall
al correo
to the post office
a la estacion de servicio
to the gas station
a la tintoreria
to the dry cleaner
llenar el tanque
to fill the gas tank
llevar ropa sucia
to drop off clothing
recoger ropa limpia
to pick up cleaning
revisar el aceite
to check the oil
escribir a maquina
to type
llevarse bien con los clientes
to get along well with customers
tener empleo en una agencia
to have a job in an agency
un banco
a bank
una compania
a company
una fabrica
a factory
una oficina
an office
tener habilidades profesionales
to have job skills
horas extras
overtime
medio tiempo
part-time
tiempo completo
full time
usar una computadora
to use a computer
un escaner
a scanner
una fotocopiadora
a copier
una impresora
a printer
una maquina de fax
a fax machine
el correo electronico
e-mail
que
what
quien
who
a quien
whom/to whom
de quien
whose/of whom
con quien
with whom
cual
which/which ones
cuando
when
cuanto
how much
cuantos
how many
como
how
por que
why
donde
where
de donde
from where
a donde
to where
por
to express gratitude or apology
por
for multiplication and division
por
for velocity, frequency and proportion
por
meaning through along by or in the area of
por
when talking about exchange including sales
por
to mean on behalf of or in favor of
por
to express a length of time
por
to express an undetermined or general time meaning durring
por
for means of communication or transportation
por
in cases of mistaken identity or meaning to be seen as
por
to show the reason for an errand with ir, venir, pasar, mandar, volver, and preguntar
por
when followed by an infinitive to express an action that remains to be completed (use por plus infinitive)
por
to express cause or reason
por
estar por means to be in the mood or inclined to do something
por
in passive constructions
por adelantado
in advance
por lo visto
apparently
por ahora
for now
por medio de
by means of
por alli
around there that way
por lo menos
at least
por amor de Dios
for the love of god
por lo tanto
consequently
por aqui
around here this way
por mi parte
as for me
por casualidad
by chance
por ningun lado
nowhere
por ciento
percent
por otra parte
on the other hand
por cierto
certainly
palabra por palabra
word for word
por completo
completely
por primera vez
for the first time
por dentro
inside
por separado
separately
por desgracia
unfortunately
por supuesto
of course
por ejemplo
for example
por suerte
fortunately
por eso
therefore
por todas partes
everywhere
por favor
please
por todos lados
on all sides
por fin
finally
por ultimo
finally
por lo general
generally
para
to indicate destination
para
to show the use or purpose of a thing
para
to mean in order to or for the purpose of
para
to indicate a recipient
para
to express a deadline or specific time
para
to express a contrast from what is expected
para
to express an action that will soon be completed with estar
Present regular AR
o
as
a
amos
áis
an
Present Regular ER
o
es
e
emos
éis
en
Present Regular IR
o
es
e
imos
ís
en
Present Stem Changing Verbs
e to i
e to ie
o to ue
Present IR
voy
vas
va
vamos
vais
van
Present DAR
doy
das
da
damos
dais
dan
Present TENER
tengo
tienes
tiene
tenemos
tenéis
tienen
Present VENIR
vengo
vienes
viene
venimos
venís
vienen
Irregular in present tense first person ONLY
caer (to fall)
yo caigo

traer (to bring)
yo traigo

caber (to fit)
yo quepo

hacer (to do, make)
yo hago

poner (to put, place)
yo pongo

saber (to know something)
yo sé

salir (to leave)
yo salgo

valer (to be worth)
yo valgo

ver (to see)
yo veo
Present GER and GIR
coger
colegir (e:i)
corregir (e:i)
dirigir
elegir (e:i)
escoger
exigir
fingir
proteger
recoger
sumergir
surgir

g to j in yo form
Present GUIR
change from gu to g in yo form

conseguir (e:i)
distinguir
erguir (e:i)
extinguir
perseguir (e:i)
seguir (e:i)
Present CER and CIR
c to z in yo form

coercer
convencer
ejercer
esparcir
mecer*
remecer*
vencer
zurcir
Present vowel + cer or cir
adds z before the c in the yo form

conducir
deducir
deslucir
inducir
introducir
lucir
producir
reducir
reproducir
traducir
conocer
agradecer
aparecer
carecer
compadecer
crecer
desaparecer
establecer
merecer
nacer
obedecer
ofrecer
parecer
pertenecer
placer
reconocer
yacer
Present UIR
add y before o e and a

atribuir
concluir
constituir
construir
contribuir
distribuir
destruir
disminuir
excluir
fluir
huir
incluir
influir
instruir
sustituir
Present IAR and UAR
take a written accent in the i or u in all forms except nosotros and vosotros

acentuar
continuar
actuar
ampliar
confiar
criar
enviar
espiar
fiar
graduar
habituar
liar
situar
valuar
variar
Preterite Regular AR
é
aste
ó
amos
asteis
aron
Preterite Regular IR and ER
í
iste

imos
isteis
ieron
Preterite Stem Changing
NO CHANGE in AR and ER

IR VERBS: change their stem (e to i or o to u) in third person singular and plural
Preterite Tense Orthographic Changing
Verbs that end in -gar change g to gu
Verbs that end in -car change c to qu
Verbs that end in -zar change z to c

Verbs that end in aer, eer, oir, and oer: the 3rd person singular verb uses the yo ending and the third person plural uses the yeron ending

Verbs that end in UIR change in same way, but written accent over i only in yo form
Preterite SER and IR
fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fuisteis
fueron
Preterite DAR
di
diste
dio
dimos
disteis
dieron
Preterite HACER
hice
hiciste
hizo
hicimos
hicisteis
hicieron
Imperfect Tense AR
aba
abas
aba
ábamos
abais
aban
Imperfect Tense ER and IR
ía
ías
ía
íamos
íais
ían
Imperfect SER
era
eras
era
éramos
erais
eran
Imperfect VER
veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veíais
veían
Imperfect IR
iba
ibas
iba
íbamos
ibais
iban