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43 terms

Judicial Branch of Virginia test study guide

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grand jury
a group that hears evidence in a crimnial case and decides whether there is enough evidence to bring the accused person to trial
prosecutor
person who represents the government side in a court case
plantiff
the person or company filing the complaint in a civil law suit
verdict
a decision of jury
testimony
statement under oath
misdemeanor
a less serious crime
original jurisdiction
the authority of a court to be the first court to hold as a guarantee that he/she will appear in court
arraignment
process during which appears before a court to enter a plea
jury duty
serving on a jury
criminal case
court cases in which a person is accused of breaking a criminal law
reasonable doubt
doubt about guilt of a criminal defendant
trial
the determination of a persons guilt or innocence by due process
probable cause
the reason for an arrest, based on the knowledge of a crime and the available evidence
attorney
lawyer
defendant
a person accused of crime in a court case
jury foreman
person who keeps order and leads jury, reads verdict
civil case
court cases involving disputes over money or property between individuals or businesses
felony
serious crime, such as homicide and kidnapping
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of some courts to review decisions and by lower courts
bail
money or property an accused person gives a court to hold as a guarantee that he or she will appear for their trial
plea
entering of guilty or not guilty by accused
police officer makes...
arrests
takes suspect to the...
magistrate
officer presents...
probable cause
if magistrate finds cause- writes a....
warrant
the officer serves
warrant
magistrate sets bail or does what?
lets go on own recognizance
next business day- arraigiment in district court in front of judge, bailiff and accused. judge appoints a lawyer if accused needs one, sets...
preliminary hearing date
at preliminary hearing...
all players ( officer, judge, prosecutor, defense, accused, bailiff) are there. officer testifies to probable cause and facts(who, what, where, when, etc.) and is questioned by the attorneys, accused enters plea
if judge at preliminary hearing(General District Court) agrees with probable cause, goes to.....
grand jury(panel of 12)
officer testifies again in front of
grand jury
they agree with probable cause-signs true bill- inclement, set date for.......
Circuit court trial
goes to Circuit Court or...
if no bill, it is over
circuit court trait
suspect has choice if jury or just a judge
then they go to
trial
term of Virginia Supreme Court Justice
12 years, elected by majority of both houses of General Assembly
term of Virginia State Court Judges
8years-appeals and circuit, 6 years- district- can be re-elected
due process amendments
5 and 14
due process
the right of the U.S. citizens to be treated fairly by their government
the executive branch...
enforces the law
the judicial branch...
interprets the law
the legislative branch
makes the laws
judicial review
The power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a law