23 terms

Chapter:15 Hair Care Vocabulary

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Balancing shampoo
Shampoo designed to wash away excess oiliness while preventing the hair from drying out
Clarifying shampoo
Shampoo containing an active chelating agent that binds to metals (such as iron and copper) and removes them from the hair; contains an equalizing agent that enriches hair, helps retain moisture, and makes hair more manageable.
Color-enhancing shampoo
Shampoo created by combing the surfactant base with basic color pigments that help to extend the vibrancy of the hair color while adding hydration for hue intensity.
Conditioner
Special chemical agent applied to the hair to deposit protein hair against possible breakage
Conditioning shampoo
Also known as moisturizing shampoo; shampoo designed to make the hair appear smooth and shiny and to improve the manageability of the hair
Deep-conditioning treatment
Also known as hair mask or conditioning pack; chemical mixture of concentrated protein and intensive moisturizer
Deionized water
Water that has had impurities (such as calcium and magnesium and other metal ions that would make a product unstable) removed.
Dry shampoo
Also known as powder shampoo, shampoo that cleanses the hair without the use of soap and water
Hard water
Water that contains minerals that reduce the ability of soap or shampoo to lather
Humectants
Substances that absorb moisture or promote the retention of moisture
Medicated scalp lotion
Conditioner that promotes healing of the scalp
Medicated shampoo
Shampoo containing special chemicals or drugs that are very effective in reducing dandruff or relieving other scalp conditions
Moisturizer
Product formulated to add moisture to dry hair or promote the retention of moisture
Neutralizing shampoo
Shampoo used for chemically processed or relaxed hair that is designed to re-balance the pH level of the hair by neutralizing any alkali and unwanted residues in the hair; after a chemical interaction, it works to help return the hair to the average pH level.
Nonstripping
Product that does not remove artificial color from the hair
pH- balanced shampoo
Shampoo that is balanced to the pH of skin and hair.
Protein conditioner
Product designed to penetrate the cortex and reinforce the hair shaft from within
Scalp astringent lotion
Product used to remove oil accumulation from the scalp; used after a scalp treatment and before styling
Scalp conditioner
Product, usually in a cream base, used to soften and improve the health of the scalp
Sulfate- free shampoo
Shampoo that does not contain harsh soap detergents. They are formulated with little to no alkaline soap base.
Soft water
Rainwater or chemically softened water that contains only small amounts of minerals and, therefore, allows soap and shampoo to lather freely
Spray-on thermal protector
Product applied to hair prior to any thermal service to protect the hair from the harmful effects of blow drying, thermal irons, or electric rollers
Strengthening shampoo
Shampoo that contains a variety of strengthening and nourishing ingredients and is designed to repair damaged and brittle hair.