How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

29 terms

The 29 Spalding Rules

Source: Romalda Spalding, The Writing Road to Reading, 29 Spelling Rules
STUDY
PLAY
Rule 1
q is always followed by u and together say /kw/. 'qu' is a consonant.
Rule 2
c before e, i, or y says /s/ (cent, city) but followed by any other letter says /k/ (clock, cat)
Rule 3
g before e, i, or y usually says /j/ (page) but followed by any other letter says g (glove, gate)
Rule 4
Vowels a, e, o, and u usually say their names (long sound) at the end of a syllable (na vy, mu sic)
Rule 5
i and y usually say the name i (long i) at the end of a syllable, but not always. (hi, cy cle but u ni ver si ty)
Rule 6
y not i is used at the end of English words (rain, ray)
Rule 7
There are five kinds of silent e's
Rule 8
'or' may say 'er' after 'w' (work, worry, worst)
Rule 9
use ei after c
If the sound is long a, use ei (neighbor). There are some exceptions to this. It is a short list of words.
Rule 10
• sh may be used at the beginning or end of a base word (ship, wish).
• sh can be used at the end of a syllable (fin ish).
• sh cannot be used at the beginning of a syllable in the middle of a word. (only 1 excepton: wor ship)
Rule 11
Words ending with a silent final e are written without the e when adding a vowel ending
Rule 12
...
Rule 13
The phonogram sh is used at the beginning or end of a base word at the end of the syllable but never at the beginning of a syllable after the first one except for the ending ship
Rule 14
The phonograms ti, si, ci, are used to say sh
Rule 15
si is used to say sh when the syllable before it ends in an s (ses sion) or when the base word has an s where the base word changes
Rule 16
si may also say zh, as in vi sion
Rule 17
Often double l, f, and s following a single vowel at the end of a one-syllable word (will)
Rule 18
Use ay to say a at the end of a base word
Rule 19
Vowels i and o may say i and o if followed by two consonants (find, old)
Rule 20
s almost never follows x
Rule 21
All, written alone, has two l's, but with another syllable, only one l is written (al so, al most)
Rule 22
till and full have one l (same as 21)
Rule 23
dge may be used ONLY after a single vowel that says â,ê, î, ô, or û (badge, edge)
Rule 24
adding a suffix to a word that ends with a consonant and y, use i instead of y unless the ending is ing
Rule 25
ck may be used only after a single vowel that says â,ê, î, ô, or û (duck, back)
Rule 26
26! 26! capitalize 26!
Rule 27
Words beginning with the sound z are always spelled with z, never s (zoo)
Rule 28
ed has 3 sounds and is used to form the past tens verbs
Rule 29
Words are usually divided between double consonants within a base word.