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Boy Scouts Life and Eagle SMC review
Terms in this set (104)
On my honor I will do my best
To do my duty to God and my country
and to obey the Scout Law;
To help other people at all times;
To keep myself physically strong,
mentally awake and morally straight
A Scout is trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful, thrifty, brave, clean, and reverent.
Do a good turn daily.
As an American, I will do my best to
be clean in my outdoor manners,
be careful with fire,
be considerate in the outdoors, and
be conservation minded
Why is the point shaped like a compass?
So a scout can point the right way in life
What do the three points of the trefoil mean?
They stand for the three parts of the scout oath
1) Duty to God and my country
2) Duty to others
3) Duty to self
What do the two stars mean?
Truth and knowledge
What does the eagle and shield represent>
They stand for freedom and the scouts's readiness to defend that freedom
Why is the scroll turned up?
As a reminder that a scout must smile as he does his work?
What does the knot represent?
The scout slogan
Describe the other parts of the uniform
Council, Troop number, leadership position, International scoution emblem, Arrow of Light, and Order of the Arrow
Why whip and fuse a rope
To prevent a rope from unraveling
Burn the ends of a synthetic rope
Use waxed string (like dental floss) for non-synthetic rope
What are the different knots
Square knot, Two-Half Hitches, Taut-Line Hitch, Timber Hitch, Clove Hitch, Bowline, Sheet bends
Known as the joining knot. Used to join two ropes of different sizes
Used to tie a rope to a post or to attach the rope to a tarp or rain fly
Is tied on a line that is tight or taunt. Used to tight or loosen a tent guy-line, clothes line or dining fly. Used on the stake end.
Used for starting diagonal lashings and for dragging a pole
Begins and ends square, shear, tripod and round lashings
Called the rescue knot. It is among the most useful because it forms a loop that will not slip and it is easy to untie
Used to tie two ropes of the same or different sizes together
What should first aid do?
-Stop life threatening dangers
-Protect an injured or sick person from further harm
-Get proper medical help for the victim
Treat accident victims by performing these steps in what order?
1. Approach with care. Is the scene safe?
2. Treat hurry cases (conditions that threaten a person's life.) As you begin, send two people for help.
a. Stopped breathing
b. No heartbeat
c. Severe bleeding
d. Internal poisoning
3. Treat every accident victim for shock
4. Examine every victim for other injuries that may require first aid
5. Plan what to do next. If help is coming, keep the victim comfortable
What should be on the not that is sent with messengers?
-Location of the victims
-Description of the injury
-What time the injury occurred
-Any treatment the victim has received
-Number of people with the victim and their skill level
-What special assistance and/or equipment may be needed
What assessments should be made if you found someone hurt?
-Is he breathing?
-Is his heart beating?
-Is there severe bleeding?
-Is there evidence of poisoning?
What are the hurry cases?
Steps for no breathing
1. Open the airway. Clear tongue from airways (press forehead and lift chin to tilt head back.) If you suspect a neck injury, keep head and thrust jaw forward. Look for obstructions, like food or gum, and perform mouth sweep with your index finger. Protect airway. If he begins to vomit, turn head to one side.
2. If the airway seems to be open and the victim is still not breathing, being rescue breathing:
a. Use mouth barrier if available
b. Pinch nostrils (if a child, cover nose and mount with your mouth
c. Watch to see if chest rises. If no air is getting in the lungs, preform the Heimlich maneuver
d. Repeat every 5 seconds if over 9 yrs and every 3 seconds if under 9 yrs
e. Continue until medical help arrives or until you are unable to continue
What are the common warning signs for no heartbeat?
1. Uncomfortable pressure/squeezing in the center of chest
2. Unusual sweating
4. Shortness of breath
5. A feeling of weakness
What are the steps to stop severe bleeding?
1. Direct pressure
2. Raise injury above the level of the victim's heart
3. Use arterial pressure points if direct pressure is not helping much- or if direct pressure will cause further injury (compound fractures)
4. Do not removes soaked bandages. Place new over old
5. Hold in place with cravat bandages (not too tight)
6. Wash hands with antiseptic soap
Steps to stop internal poisoning?
1. Call 911 or poison control center
2. Treat for shock. Do not give mouth to mouth unless told so.
3. Save any vomit. May help identify the poison
Symptoms of heatstroke
-Very hot skin
-Red skin (damp or dry)
-Rapid, quick pulse or noisy breathing
-Confusion, irritability (unwilling to accept treatment)
Treatment of heatstroke
-Move to a cool, shady spot
-Cool anyway you can - sponge, towel (avoid chilling)
-Keep victim lying down, head slightly raised
-Monitor victim and get medical help right away
Symptoms of heat exhaustion
-Nausea and fatigue
-Dizziness and fainting
-Headaches, muscle cramps & weakness
Treatment of heat exhaustion
-Have victim lie in a cool, shady place with feet raised
-Cool victim with wet clothes
-Let him sip water a pinch of salt
-Recovery should be rapid
Symptoms of hypothermia
-Feeling cold and numb
-Fatigue and anxiety
-Confusion, bad decisions
Treatment of hypothermia
-Take victim into a shelter and into warm dry clothes
-Zip him into a warm dry sleeping bag
-If victim is alert, offer him warm liquids
-Place warm water bottles in armpit and groin
-Seek medical help
First Degree burns
Skin is tender and red. Treat with cold water, wet compress
Second Degree burns
Blisters. Treat with cool water, let dry, cover with sterile gauze to protect blisters. Do not break blisters (creates open wound). Do not apply any ointments or creams.
Third Degree burns
Skin is burned away and/or charred. May feel no pain due to nerve damage. Do not remove clothing. Wrap a clean sheet around victim. Treat for shock.
What is shock?
When a person is injured or under great stress, his circulatory system might not provide enough blood to all parts of the body
Symptoms of shock
-Feeling of weakness
-Confusion, fear, dizziness
-Skin is moist, clammy, cool and pale
-Rapid, weak pulse
-Shallow, rapid, irregular breathing
-Eliminate cause (restore breathing, heartbeat, control, bleeding.)
-Make sure to keep airway open
-Lie down. Raise feet 10 to 12 inches to help move blood to vital organs.
-Cover victim with blankets, coats, sleeping bags
-Call for help or send 2 people for help
-Occurs when the brain does not receive enough oxygen
-Keep victim lying down
-If you feeling faint, sit with head between knees or lie down with feet raised
-Allows germs into a wound that's hard to clean
-Encourage wound to bleed, wash with soap & water, bandage
-If object is large or through, do not remove
-Have victim sit up or lean forward, pinch nostrils
-Keep blood out of airway
Snake Bites types
Treat like a puncture wound
-Must avoid being bitten
-Send for medical help immediatly
-Remove rings, watched, and jewerly
-Have victim stay calm and lie down with the bite lower that the heart
-Treat for shock
-If available within 3 minutes use Sawyer Extractor
-Do not use ices. May cause skin damage
Treat for shock. Send for medical help as soon as possible
Object in eye
Pull the upper lid down over the lower lid. If the object is under the lower eye lid, pull out on the lower lid
Apply mole skin and/or gel pad
Remove stinger with edge of a knife blade. Do not squeeze it out.
Removing a fish hook
Push the hook through the skin. Cut off then pull back through
Get to shelter and warm the injured area. Use warm not hot water.
Safe Swim Defense (PDQBALLS)
1. Physical Fitness
3. Qualified supervision
4. Buddy System
8. Safe area
The two most important are Qualified supervision and Discipline
4. Go (last resort)
-Never attempt a swimming rescue when assistance can be given by a safer and easier method
-Lie down and reach method, paddle, cushion, surf board, cooler
BSA safety afloat
1. Qualified supervision
2. Physical fitness
3. Swimming ability
4. Personal floatation device
5. Buddy System
6. Skill proficient
-North is almost always towards the top of the map.
-True north points to the North Pole.
-Compass always points to Magnetic North
Bar scales, measures feet, meters and miles
-Green means heavy vegetation
-White means open areas
-Blue means water
-Black is anything man-made and brown is used for contour lines
2 methods to orienting a map
-With a compass
-By sighting land features
To go in the opposite directions, add or subtract 180 degrees
One contour line
Means all the same elevation
Distance of elevation between contour lines
How to measure heights?
Have a friend stand by an object. Hold a stick at arm's length. Put thumb at base of tree. You know your friend's height. See how many fit.
Hold stick at arms length. Measure 90 degrees then measure distance on ground
How to measure widths?
Bottom of salute hand lines up with oppotise bank. Then turn 90 degrees. Measure distance
Locate object on opposite bank. Put a stick in the ground at (B). Take any number of paces (20). Put stick in ground at point (C). Go same number of paces. Put stick in the ground (D). Go 90 degrees from (D) until object on other bank is opposite stick (C)
Locate object on opposite bank. Take compass reading 45 degrees to your reading. Walk along bank keeping direction arrow pointed at object. When needle and Red Fred's Bed line up, stop and measure distance to first mark
What is pace?
One pace is each time the right foot hits the ground
How to find directions?
-North Star method
-Using the sun
North Star method
Off the big dipper bowl, look for the North Star (Polaris)
Use the stars
Using the sun
1. Watch method
2. Shadow stick method (works for sun and moon)
Backpacking packing list
-Two pairs of socks
-Two-way radio (troop)
-Water pump (troop)
-Two Nalgene bottles
-Lipton soup mix/boil in a bag rice/canned chicken/Ramen
-Hot chocolate/drink mix
-Pop tarts/bagels/nutria-grain bars
Important things for hiking
-Always know where you're going
-Let someone else know where you're going and when you will return
-Buddy system- never go off alone
-Hiking on roads- Stay in a single file on the left side face the traffic
-Hiking on trails- Do not leave trail
-Universal distress call is any signal repeated 3 times
-The most important part of hiking is doing it safely
-A smart hiker knows when to turn back on a dangerous route
-Hike at a pace that is best for the slowest member of the group
-No trace methods
The five-w's of hiking and camping
Where are you going?
When will you return?
Who is going with you?
Why are you going?
What are you taking?
Scout Outdoor Essentials
-Compass, map and whistle
-First aid kit
-Matches or lighter
How to select a campsite
-Outdoor code and Leave no trace
-Set up a dining fly
-Set up tents in patrols in a semi-circle layout
-Avoid camping in meadows
-Campfires and stoves
Always get permission if private land. If public land, make sure camping is allowed
Use established campsite if possible and existing fire rings if available
Don't pitch a tent under trees with dead branches, low spots that can flood or areas that are likely targets of lightning
Large enough patrols? Use 200-ft rules
Several gallons per scout-200-ft rule
Gentle slope for drainage. Area facing south and east will be drier
Respect the privacy of others
Set up a dining fly
If it starts to rain, you have a place for shelter and gears
Avoid camping in meadows
Woods provide shelter from sun and wind
Campfires and stoves
Use existing rings at least 30 feet from tentd
How to make a cat hole
Find a private soil at least 200 feet from water, campsites and trails. Organisms in the soils top lay will break down waste. Mark each with a stick
Dig a hole 6 to 8 inches deep
6 to 8 inches deep, 1 foot wide and 3 or 4 feet long
How to handle ax care or knifes
Keep it strong
Carry an ax by holding near the head
Use only in safe area
Building a fire
-Selecting a sight
-Build a fire on a fire. Do not dig a pit (harms soil layer)
-Components of a fire
-Types of construction
Selecting a sight
Minimize environmental impact. Use existing fire rings if available
Rake away dry leaves, pine straw, etc. Keep water nearby. Never leave a fire unattended. At least 30 feet from tents
Components of a fire
Tinder, kindling and fuel wood
Types of construction
Tepee, log cabin, lean-to
Goals of scouting