AP Lang Rhetoric Devices
Terms in this set (31)
A piece of work that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, usually moral or political.
When the same sound or letter occurs frequently between a string of closely connected words.
An expression that calls something to mind without mentioning it specifically; an indirect reference.
An expanded statement
The repetition, at the beginning of sentences, using repetitious words.
A short story about a real event or person.
A stylistic device used in literature and poetry to intentionally eliminate conjunctions in a phrase while maintaining the grammatical accuracy.
Example: "That was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it, the jingle of it, the cymbals' song of it."
A person or object that is the exact opposite of something else.
Example: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times"
The assembled group of people that a piece of work is directed to.
A description of qualities or peculiarities in a person or character, which imitate or describe actions, gestures, or speeches.
The omission from a sentence of one or more words that would complete or clarify.
Example: No, he wasn't exactly...but there was something strange...there was something ... about him.
An indirect word or expression substituted for one considered too blunt when referring to something unpleasant.
An exaggerated statement not meant to be taken literally.
Example: "Well now, one winter it was so cold that all the geese flew backward and all the fish moved south and even the snow turned blue. Late at night, it got so frigid that all spoken words froze solid before they could be heard."
An expression of one's meaning by using language that usually suggests the opposite, generally for a humorous effect.
An ironical understatement where an affirmative is expressed by its negative.
Example: "Not bad, I like it so far. "
Where a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
The substitution of the name of an attribute for that of the thing meant.
Example: "Let me give you a hand."
The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named.
Examples: Buzz, chirp, trinkle
Where contradictory terms appear in conjunction.
Example: "Parting is such a sweet sorrow."
A statement where despite sound reasoning from acceptable premises, a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory is assumpted.
Example: "All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others."
The repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence.
Example: "To err is human; to forgive divine."
Nature or human characteristics attributed to something nonhuman.
A device where coordinating conjunctions are used in succession in order to obtain an artistic effect.
Example: "Who killed him?' and he said 'I don't know who killed him, but he's dead all right,' and it was dark and there was water standing in the street and no lights or windows broke and boats all up in the town and trees blown down and everything all blown and I got a skiff and went out and found my boat where I had her inside Mango Key and she was right only she was full of water."
The intention or objective.
A joke which exploits the different possible meanings of a word.
A figure of speech comparing one thing with another of a different kind using like or as, which is used to make a description more vivid.
A conclusion is drawn from two given premises, where each shares a term with the conclusion, and also a common or middle term not present in the conclusion.
Example: "'Have you forgot me, sir?' 'Why dost ask that? I have forgot all men;
Then, if thou grant'st thou'rt a man, I have forgot thee.'"
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole.
Example: He left for his road trip immediately after he got his new wheels.
The general attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.
The presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.
Example: "I have to have this operation. It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain."
Where a word applies to two others in different senses, or to two others of which it semantically suits only one.
Example: "Miss Bolo went straight home, in a flood of tears and a sedan-chair."
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