22 terms

Classification

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Eukaryote
Cells that have a nucleus.
Prokaryote
Cells that do not have a nucleus.
Heterotroph
Organisms that can not make their own food.
Autotrophs
Organisms that can make their own food by photosynthesis.
Unicellular
Organisms that are made up of only one cell, microscopic.
Multicellular
Organisms that are made up of more than one cell.
Classification
The grouping of living things according to similar characteristics.
Taxonomy
The science of classification
Aristotle
A Greek philosopher in 400BC created a system to classify living things. He divided living things into plants and animals. Then grouped animals by how they move.
Carolus Linnaeus
A Swedish scientist in the 1800's developed the classification system we use today.
Binomial Nomenclature
The naming system developed by Linnaeus. Each organism is given two names, Genus and Species.
Genus
Closely related organisms.
Species
Organisms that can interbreed and produce young.
8 classification groups (Taxons)
Domains, Kingdoms, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus & Species
3 Domains
Archaea, Bacteria & Eukarya
4 Kingdoms of Domain Eukarya
Animals, Plants, Fungi & Protists
Kingdom Animalia
Which Kingdom do I belong to?
Kingdom Plantae
Which Kingdom do I belong to?
Kingdom Fungi
Which Kingdom do I belong to?
Kingdom Archaea
Which Kingdom do I belong to? I can survive extreme conditions.
Kingdom Eubacteria
Which Kingdom do I belong to? I am found on almost any surface and in some foods.
Kingdom Protista
Which Kingdom do I belong to? I live in water and can move on my own.

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