28 terms

Governing a New Nation

Congress could not do under the Articles of Confederation
had more power than the federal government under the Articles of Confederation
Land Ordinances of 1785 and 1787
organized western lands for expansion, made land available for government sale, set aside land for schools
Problems with Articles of Confederation
No power to tax, enforce laws, or make other countries follow treaties
Shay's Rebellion
Farmer rebellion in Massachusetts that showed Americans needed a stronger government and army
Great Compromise
decided how voting would work in legislative branch; Senate equal votes, House of Representatives votes based on state population
Three-Fifths Compromise
slaves would count as 3/5 a person when calculating a state's population
Power of Head Executive (President)
enforce the laws, appoint Supreme Court justices and cabinet members, and make treaties
Powers of Legislative Branch
make the laws, declare war, collect taxes, approve Presidential appointments, print money
Powers of Judicial Branch
decide what a law means and declare laws and acts of Congress unconstitutional,
First Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
Second Amendment
right to bear/have arms
Fourth Amendment
people protected against illegal searches and seizures by law enforcement officers
Sixth Amendment
people have right to a fair and speedy trial
Seventh Amendment
people have right to a trial by jury
Eighth Amendment
people are protected against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
Checks and Balances
each branch of government has the power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches
Separation of Powers
idea that powers of governments are divided among separate branches
Judicial Review
Supreme Court has the right to decide whether acts or laws or Congress are constitutional
Limited Government
. the idea that government only has the power given to it by the Constitution
principle of the Constitution that establishes shared power between federal government and State governments
Popular Sovereignty
belief that government is created by and subject to the will of the people
revision or addition to a bill, law, or constitution
proposed law
Fifth Amendment
People cannot be tried for the same crime twice or be forced to testify against themselves
Argued federal government would be too strong and state government too weak, needed a bill of rights to protect the people, worried President would become a king
thought government needed to be strong enough to do its job, and separate of powers, federalism, and checks and balances would protect people from strong government