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Effects of the Reforms on the young.
Terms in this set (17)
The poorest children had no hope of escaoing poverty or any of the problmes they faced that associated with it.
Who had no hope?
The Liberals set about creating a series of reforms that aimed at improving the health of children, as well as the rights they enjoyed in society.
What did the Liberals set about doing?
The Education Act (Provision of Meals) was passed in 1906 by the Liberal Government.
What was passed in 1906?
They recognised that poor children could go a whole day without a proper meal so this Act provided children with one meal a day during the school term.
What did the provisions of meals Act provide?
This Act was beneficial to many children although many local governments did not pay for these school meals even when it was up to them to do so.
Who was the Act beneficial to?
By 1911 less than a third of all Education authorities were providing school meals.
What happened in 1911?
Meals were only provided during term time therefore children were going hungry during the school holidays.
When were meals provided?
Many reports confirmed the poor health of young Britons.
What did reports confirm?
Royal Commissions of 1904 stated: "provision should be made for regular inspection of school children" The Liberals addressed this by passing the Education (Administration of Provision) Act 1907.
What was stated in 1904?
However they would only diagnose problems but not treat them which was obviously of limited use. Through this medical inspections at school were made compulsory.
Why were medical inspections in school made compulsory?
This all changed when free medical treatment was brought in, in 1912. Medical inspections served to highlight and address problems children had with their health.
What changed in 1912?
Rowntree's investigations found that children were very vulnerable and there was few laws to protect them.
What did Rowntree find?
Liberals addressed this by introducing the Children Act 1908 which was designed to protect and shield children from neglect and abuse as well as activities that were unsuitable for them to engage in.
What was introduced in 1908?
The Act also set up specialist juvenile courts and borstals to keep children away from adult criminals. It also banned children under 16 from drinking, smoking and begging.
What did the Act set up?
Critics have said the parts of the Act concerning age limits were often hard to enforce. Also some parents resented the government intervening in the parenting of their children.
What have critics said?
The Act was a massive step in the right direction and it was important establishing what young people could and couldn't do.
What was a step in the right direction?
The result was the Act only helped improve the lives of some of the poorest and most neglected children during this time.
What did the Act only help to improve?
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