25 terms

WWII

Ward US History 2013
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WWII Years
1939 - 1945
Axis Powers
The Axis Powers were a group of nations (Germany, Japan, and Italy) that participated in WWII.
Radar
Radio waves used to detect approaching airplanes.
Blitzkrieg
German for "lightning war", it featured an overwhelming combination of air attacks and fast-moving armored strikes to drive deep into the enemy territory. Used by Germany on Poland.
Isolationism
Desire to avoid involvement in foreign wars. Before the US joined WWII, they favored isolationism because they remembered the horrors of WWII.
Manhattan Project
Top secret program of WWII to build an atomic bomb.
Soviet Union
Was initially an ally of Germany, but when Germany invaded their territory, the Soviet joins the Allies.
September 3, 1939
Great Britain and France declare war on Germany as the Allies.
Pearl Harbor
A big reason why US enters WWII as part of the Allies. Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor, home to the US Navy Pacific fleet. Battleships were damaged and sunk, with many aircrafts destroyed and damaged. Some 2400 Americans died.
Battle of Stalingrad
Hitler attacked the city of Stalingrad in August 1942 where he suffered defeat. It marked the beginning of Germany's collapse. Here, they suffered losses of some 2 million.
July 1943
The invasion of Sicily by Germany. The Italians were given a choice: choose life and turn against your dictator, or suffer. The Italians turned against their dictator.
D-Day
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Battle of the Bulge
Bulge in Allied battle lines created by German advance. German threatened to win back vital ground from Allies. By January 1945, the Germans were pushed back and the bulge "rolled back".
Concentration Camps
Detention centers for civilians considered enemies of the State
Mussolini
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945) during WWII.
Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953) during WWII.
Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945) who believed in German (Aryan) superiority over any other race.
Battle of Coral Sea
Prevented Japanese forces from preparing to invade British controlled port Moresby on New Guinea. It was the first time the Japanese advance have been halted.
Code talkers
Native American translated messages into coded versions of Navajo language. Hard for Japanese to figure out this unwritten language.
Roosevelt
President of the United States from 1933-1945; elected four times during the Great Depression and World War II. Associated with a New Deal to help end the Depression.
Yalta Conference
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
United Nations
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.
Potsdam
When Truman, Attlee, and Stalin meet; there was an extreme lack of trust, it came to light that there would be no elections in Eastern Europe, and agreements made at a previous war conference were finalized
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
VE Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered. Surrender takes effect May 8.