30 terms

Q3 Benchmark

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daimyos
During the height of feudalism and military society in Japan, it was common to see fighting between __________ in order to gain power.
This royal practice helped bring the Heian period to an end.
giving large estates to nobles who did not pay taxes
The main role of samurais in the Japanese society.
To protect the daimyo and his property
shogun
Japan changed to a military government, or shogunate, during the late twelfth century. Who had the most power under this new form of government?
bushido
The samurai's role in Japanese culture was to follow the code of __________, which emphasized honor, bravery, and absolute loyalty to one's lord.
samurai
__________, meaning "those who serve," is the name given to lesser warriors in late twelfth century Japan.
The Japanese version of Buddhism different from that of the Chinese because:
It focuses more on the importance of nature.
What statement is accurate about the role of women in the lord-vassal society of Japan?
They learned to fight and some became samurais.
Some ways that modern Japan still feels the influence of the samurai era today are:
Japanese still study martial arts which reflect samurai discipline and skill. People in Japan continue to write haiku, practice calligraphy, and perform the tea ceremony. Also, samurai ideals of loyalty to family and respect for rank are still alive in modern Japan.
One way that the Japanese military followed the samurai code during World War II was
Many soldiers killed themselves rather than surrender and suffer dishonor. Suicide pilots crashed planes loaded with explosives into enemy battleships. These pilots were called kamikazes.
This was not an expectation of samurai who were adhering to the traditional code of conduct.
showing compassion to the enemy
The code of conduct of the Japanese samurai, bushido, most closely resembled the __________.
the European chivalry code
seppuku
Traditional Japanese custom required a samurai who violated the bushido code to:
How did the bubonic plague most change the social structure of Europe in the Middle Ages?
The shortage of labor empowered the peasant class
What was one way in which the Hundred Years' War contributed to the end of feudalism?
Kings built large armies of commoners and no longer needed knights from nobles.
What was the significance of the model parliament?
It gave a voice to the common people and allowed more people to participate in government.
How did the samurai of Japan differ from European knights in the Middle Ages?
They had to be able to read and write.
discipline
Zen Buddhism matched the samurai way of life because of its focus on this.
Which of these principles would a teacher of samurai most likely emphasize?
Always be prepared and alert.
Judo and karate
Unlike other ways the samurai learned to fight, martial arts such as these
often do not require weapons.
samurai style of armor
Allowed them freedom of movement.
a feudal lord in Europe
A daimyo in medieval Japan was most like this person in medieval Europe.
The main job of a shogun was to:
rule through military power.
royal charter
An agreement purchased by towns to gain independence from feudal lords
How did new farming methods contribute to the growth of medieval European towns?
Enough crops were grown to sell to people who lived in towns.
cooking
A girl's education in feudal Europe would most often include this skill.
court trials
These eventually replaced trial by ordeal or combat.
unsanitary conditions
One of the biggest causes of disease in medieval town.
How did the Hundred Years' War contribute to the decline of feudalism?
Hiring soldiers made monarchs less dependent on vassals.
the longbow
This technological advantage helped the English win many early battles in the Hundred Years' War.