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102 terms

CNA Vocabulary Words

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24 Hour Urine Collection
Lab medicine Urine collected in an exact period of 24 hrs, which may be indicated for arsenic, chloride and others analytes; 24HUs are collected in a large, lab-supplied container with preservatives
Abandonment
Abandonment is when the CNA does not finish an assignment and/or leaves work early without attending to their resident's needs. The elderly depend on others to help them do their Activities of Daily Living.
Abbreviations
A shortened form of a word or phrase.
The process or result of abbreviating.
Abdominal Thrust
quick, upward pulls into the diaphragm to force out an obstruction blocking the airway
Abduction
(physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
Ability
the quality of being able to perform
Abuse
cruel or inhumane treatment
Abuse registry
Sometimes the
term is used to refer to a list of perpetrators of substantiated incidents of elder abuse that is
managed by APS and in many instances, used to determine whether those individuals should be
prohibited from working with certain vulnerable populations or in certain settings, such as a
nursing home.
Active Assisted Range Of Motion
the client has limited ability to move the extremities and needs some assistance.
Active Range Of Motion
the client is able to move the extremities (limbs) without assistance.
Acute
having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course
Adaptive Devices
special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADLs; also called assistive devices.
Adduction
(physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
ADLs
activities of daily living
Adult Protective Services
Safeguards older people and dependent adults with disabilities who are in danger of being mistreated or neglected, are unable to protect themselves, or have no one to assist them.
Advance Directive
a document stating a person's wishes about health care when that person cannot make his or her own decisions
Alignment
the act of adjusting or aligning the parts of a device in relation to each other
Alveoli
tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood
AM care
Early morning care
Ambulate
walk about
Anemia
genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds
Anorexia
a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
Anus
excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal
Anxiety
a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune
Apical
situated at an apex
Apnea
transient cessation of respiration
Arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
artery
a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic
Asepsis
the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
Aseptic
free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
Aspiration
Breathing fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs
Assault
a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped
Assisted Living
facilities where residents live who need some assistance; they do not usually require skilled care.
Atrophy
any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
Axilla
the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
Axillary
of or relating to the armpit
Bacteria
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission
Base Of Support
the area on which an object rests
Battery
an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact
Bed cradle
a frame used to prevent bedclothes from touching all or part of a person's body.
bed pan
is an object used or the toileting of a bedridden patient in health care facility, usually made of a metal, glass, or plastic receptacle.
Belief
a vague idea in which some confidence is placed
belonging
the need of individuals to feel that they are valued, respected & protected members of a community.
beside commode
Bedside commodes are chair-like toilets with a container below the toilet seat that slides out for cleaning. Often a commode has a toilet seat lid that can be left down when the commode is not in use.
Biohazard
any bacterium or virus or toxin that could be used in biological warfare
Bladder
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body
Bladder retraining
a program of urinating on a schedule with increasingly longer time intervals between schedule urination; goal is the reestablish voluntary bladder control and to break the cycle of frequency, urgency and urge incontinence
Blood clot
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris that is the end result of hemostasis or the blood-clotting process
Blood pressure
the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels
Blood sugar
glucose in the bloodstream
Bloodborne pathogens
disease-causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids
Body language
communication via the movements or attitudes of the body
body mechanics
The proper use of the body to facilitate lifting and moving and preventing injury.
bony prominences
areas of the body where the bone lies close to the skin.
bowel movement
a euphemism for defecation
bowel obstruction
Bowel dilation due to mechanical blockage; may be small bowel or large bowel; the patient may have feculent and/or bilious emesis, inability to pass gas (flatus), distention, pain; causes include adhesions (most common), hernias, masses or tumors, volvulus, obstipation, and others
bowel retraining
process of assisting pts to regain control of their bowels
brachial artery
the main artery of the upper arm
bradycardia
abnormally slow heartbeat
bradypnea
slow breathing
brain
that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers
briefs
short tight-fitting underpants (trade name Jockey)
bronchi
two short branches located at the lower end of the trachea that carry air into the lungs.
call light
allows the patient to call for help
cane
a stick that people can lean on to help them walk
carbohydrates
the starches and sugars present in foods
cardiac
of or relating to the heart
cardiac arrest
absence of systole
care plan
A written plan for each resident created by the nurse; outlines the steps taken by the staff to help the resident reach his or her goals.
catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluids, A thin, flexible tube
centigrade
referring to a thermometer scale of 100 degrees where water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees
central nervous system
the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
certification
validating the authenticity of something or someone
chain of infection
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, means of transmission, portal of entry and susceptible host.
cheyne-stokes
Periods of difficult breathing (dyspnea) followed by periods of no respirations (apnea)
choking
the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe
chronic
being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
circumcised
Male infants - Part of the foreskin is cut away from the tip of penis. This is done for health and religious reasons.
clean
not spreading pollution or contamination
clean catch/midstream
used to collect a clean specimen for urinalysis and considered sterile, sometimes referred to as midstream specimen
clear liquid
generally liquids that you can see through, water, jello, tea coffee
clergy
A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.
client
A person using the services of a professional person or organization.
cna
certified nursing assistant
colon
the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum
colostomy
creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus allowing stool to bypass a diseased portion of the colon; performed to treat ulcerative colitis, cancer, or obstructions
communicable
(of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
communication
the activity of communicating
competency evaluation
an exam consisting of a written portion and a skills portion that must be passed at the end of the nursing assistant training course to obtain certification
Condom catheter
an external catheter that has an attachment on the end that fits onto the penis; also called a Texas catheter.
confidentiality
discretion in keeping secret information
confusion
a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another
consent to release
When an organization collects personal information from an individual, most privacy legislation requires that an individual's consent be given so that an organization can collect, use, or disclose it. However, there are sometimes exceptions to this rule.
Information
knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
constipation
the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
contact precautions
practices used to prevent spread of disease by direct or indirect contact
contamination
the act of contaminating or polluting
contracture
an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
cross contamination
the spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to another
culture
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
customs
what is considered normal and expected about the way people do things in a specific country
cyanosis
Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood