A South African policy of complete legal separation of the races, including the banning of all social contacts between blacks and whites.
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
Physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics
people perceived to have physical-biological commonalities- ancestors are from different continents
Born 1918. Husband to Winnie Mandela. 11th President of South Africa. Spent 27 years in prison after conviction of charges while he helped spearhead the stuggle against apartheid. Received Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
a South African politician and wife of Nelson Mandela who has held several government positions and headed the African National Congress Women's League
(1946-1977) An organizer of black consciousness movement in South Africa, in opposition to apartheid; murdered while in police custody
F. W. de Klerk
President that ended apartheid, outside pressure and protest at home convinced him too
Official document severing to identify race and employment
A society made up of many ethnic groups or races
distribution of resources
uneven distribution of natural resources, education, job opportunities, housing, and wealth
in South Africa, a poor urban settlement where blacks were forced to live during apartheid
Impoverished black neighborhood outside Johannesburg, South Africa, and the site of a violent uprising in 1976 in which hundreds were killed; that rebellion began a series of violent protests and strikes that helped end apartheid.
In what African nation were white settlers able to retain their position of supremacy after the country was no longer a colony of Great Britain?
a language of southern Africa, derived from the form of Dutch brought to the Cape by Protestant settlers in the 17th century, and an official language of South Africa.
African National Congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it changed its name in 1923. Eventually brought greater equality.
Under apartheid, areas in South Africa designated for ethnolinguistic groups within the black African population; such areas tend to be overpopulated and poverty-stricken.