APES Chapters 8-9 Study Set

Terms in this set (207)

1973 (ESA; amended in
1982, 1985, and 1988) was designed to identify and protect
endangered species in the United States and abroad
Concept 9-4 209
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210 Chapter 9 Sustaining Biodiversity: The Species Approach
(Concept 9-4). This act is probably the most far-reaching
environmental law ever adopted by any nation, which
has made it controversial.
Under the ESA, the National Marine Fisheries Service
(NMFS) is responsible for identifying and listing
endangered and threatened ocean species, while the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is to identify
and list all other endangered and threatened species.
Any decision by either agency to add a species to, or
remove one from, the list must be based on biological
factors alone, without consideration of economic or
political factors. However, the two agencies can use economic
factors in deciding whether and how to protect
endangered habitat and in developing recovery plans
for listed species. The _________ also forbids federal agencies
(except the Defense Department) to carry out, fund, or
authorize projects that would jeopardize any endangered
or threatened species or destroy or modify its critical
habitat.
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