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Texas Gov Exam 2
Terms in this set (38)
In the context of political science, the development of a legislative body into a formally structured system with stable membership, complex rules, expanded internal operations, and the delineation of staff functions is known as __________.
The functions of the Texas legislature include __________.
enacting laws and overseeing state agencies
The Texas legislature is __________.
bicameral and has 31 senators and 150 House members
Special sessions of the Texas legislature __________.
can only be called by the governor
Members of the Texas House are elected for __________ years and senators are elected for __________ years.
The speaker of the House is _________.
elected by the members of the House
Why is the office of the lieutenant governor considered by some to be the most powerful office in Texas state government?
This office is elected independently of the governor
The __________ is not permitted to vote on legislation unless there is a tie.
For what types of bills can the governor of Texas use a line-item veto?
Unwritten rules of institutional behavior are known as __________.
The Texas Constitution limits regular sessions of the legislature to 140 days every other year.
Most Texans pay close attention to what the legislature is doing during its regular sessions
The most visible office in the state is that of the __________.
A plural executive is a __________.
fragmented system of authority under which most statewide, executive officeholders are elected independent
To serve as governor, the constitution says an individual must __________.
be at least 30 years old and a resident of Texas for at least five years
Removing a Texas governor from office __________.
requires impeachment by the House and conviction by the Senate
If the governor neither signs nor vetoes a bill during the allotted time, it __________.
becomes a law without his signature
Senatorial __________ is an unwritten norm that allows a senator to block the governor's nomination of an individual who lives in the senator's district.
One of the governor's informal resources is the ability to __________.
communicate to the public through the mass media
The lieutenant governor of Texas __________.
is elected separately from the governor and can be from a different party
The Texas attorney general is __________.
mainly a civil lawyer who defends state laws enacted by the legislature
The governor is legally responsible for ordering state officials to carry out extradition requests.
Federal courts have been leaders in __________.
protecting civil and political liberties
Most criminal activities are defined and their punishments established in the __________.
The authority of a court to try or resolve a civil lawsuit or a felony prosecution being heard for the first time is known as __________.
Texas has a bifurcated court system at its highest level in which __________.
the Texas Supreme Court handles civil cases and the Court of Criminal Appeals handles criminal cases
Unlike federal judges, who are appointed by the president to life terms, state judges in Texas, except for those on municipal courts, are __________.
elected to limited terms in partisan elections
The primary trial court in Texas is the __________.
A plea bargain results when the defendant negotiates __________.
with prosecutors to plead guilty in exchange for a lighter sentence than he or she might receive
oth the Texas Supreme Court and the Court of Criminal Appeals __________.
have nine justices who are elected for six-year staggered terms
Grand juries __________.
are responsible for reviewing evidence and deciding whether to indict individuals
Convicting a defendant on a felony charge in Texas __________.
requires a unanimous jury verdict
What is the purpose of writs of mandamus on which the Texas Supreme Court sometimes acts?
It is to remedy defects in justice by ordering lower courts or public officials to take a certain action.
Under both the U.S. and Texas Constitutions, a person charged with a crime is presumed __________.
innocent until the state can prove reasonable guilt to a judge or jury
Civil lawsuits involve conflicts between two or more parties.
Texas juries that find a defendant guilty of capital murder must decide between the death penalty and life imprisonment as the only options for punishment.
If stricter limits were placed on campaign funds that judicial candidates could raise from lawyers and special interests, which of the following would be the most likely result?
improving public confidence in the impartiality of the judiciary
Under the __________ ruling, police are required by the courts to inform us of our rights
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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