Civil war, Civil War

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Slave state
A state that allows slavery.
Free state
A state that does not allow slavery.
Missouri comprimise
Under this plan Missouri was admitted as a slave state.
Abolitionists
Americans that want to abolish,or end slavery.
Secede
Withdraw
Abolitionist
A person who worked to end slavery.
Slavery
The treatment of people as property.
Secede
separate from Union
Civil War
The war that divided America between the North and the South
Compromise
A way of settling disagreements
John Brown
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves, was hung in Harpers Ferry after capturing an Armory
Harpers Ferry
a federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt
Nat Turner Rebellion
Rebellion in which Nat Turner led a group of slaves through virginia in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow and kill planter families
Dred Scott Decision
Scott was an enslaved person owned by an army doctor. The U.S, Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen.
Manifest Destiny
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Northern Economy
Manufacturing and trade. Many cities with factories.
Southern Economy
Agricultural, many farms
Cash crop
Crop grown to be sold
Cotton gin
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It removed seeds from cotton fibers. Now cotton could be processed quickly and cheaply. Results: more cotton is grown and more slaves are needed for more acres of cotton fields
Uncle Tom's Cabin
A book describing slavery as a cruel inhuman act, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Presidential Election of 1860
a presidential election that pitted Abraham Lincoln (Republican) against Stephen A. Douglas (Northern Democrat), John Breckinridge (Southern Democrat), and John Bell (Constitutional Union Party); the main issue of the election was the debate over the expansion of slavery; Lincoln won and South Carolina seceded
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Slave code
Laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights.
Henry Clay
The Great Compromiser. Senator who persuaded Congress to accept the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Maine into the Union as a free state, and Missouri as a slave state
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
Confederate States of America
A republic formed in February of 1861 and composed of the eleven Southern states that seceded from the United States
Fugitive Slave Law
this law required that northern states forcibly returned escaped slaves to their owners.
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Underground Railroad
A system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
Popular Sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.

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