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Arts and Humanities
World War 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (37)
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
France, Britain, Russia
Kaiser Wilhelm 2
Ruler of Germany
What are the MAIN causes of World War I
Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, Nationalism
Building up an army stockpiling weapons, etc.
Building up tensions between other countries who are allied
Stronger nations taking control over weaker nations
Feeling a great pride towards a person's country, often placing it above all other countries
Why were the Balkans considered the "powder keg" of Europe?
They were a region that wanted to be free of Austria-Hungary's rule, and also slavic nations, so therefore Russia supported them in wanting to be separate.
What happened in Sarajevo in June 1914? What was the significance of this event?
The assassination of the Archduke and his wife Sophia.
Central Powers (countries):
Germany, Austria - Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire
Great Britain, France, Russia, Japan, Italy, United States
Western Front (location):
The front of the West of Germany, between Germany and France
Eastern Front (location):
The front to the East of Germany, between Germany and Russia
Identify the 1st Battle of the Marne. (Purpose, Significance, Outcome, etc.)
When the Germans were nearing Paris. The allies sent every available soldier to fight, and after four days of fighting the Germans were forced to retreat.
List four new weapons introduced during World War I.
Machine Guns, Tanks, U-Boats, Poison Gas
Identify the Battle of the Somme. (Purpose, Significance, Outcome, etc.)
Germans launched an attack against the French near Verdun. British forces attacked the Germans in the Somme River Valley. More than half a million casualties on both sides.
How did war on the Eastern Front differ from war on the Western Front?
While war on the Western front was much more stationary, the war on the Eastern front was much more mobile, and had fewer trenches.
Why Russia was struggling during World War I? What was their one asset?
Russia was struggling during WW1 due to their lack of weapons and technology. Their only asset was their manpower. Millions of Russian lives were lost.
Countries devoted all their resources to the war effort.
People could only buy only small amounts of those items that were also needed for the war effort.
One-sided information designed to persuade, to keep up morale and support for the war.
Identify the Gallipoli Campaign. (Purpose, Significance, Outcome, etc.)
Strategy was to take Constantinople, and establish a supply line to Russia. Troops from Australia and New Zealand were sent to fight here.
Why was the sinking of the Lusitania significant?
It held several American passengers and was sunk by German U-Boats under the orders to sink any ship in British waters, which angered many Americans, as it ws thought to violate the freedom of the seas.
What are the two events that prompted the United States to declare war on Germany? Describe the importance of each.
Zimmerman Note - Stated that Germany would help Mexico "reconquer" lands lost to U.S.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
What event happened during the spring of 1918 that killed 20 million people?
What events happened that caused the Central Powers to weaken?
When America joined the war with fresh troops and supplies.
What date and year was the armistice signed?
November 11, 1918
President at this time
Outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting piece.
Treaty of Versailles
Responsibility of war placed on Germany. "War Guilt Clause"
League of Nations
The League was to be an international association whose goal would be to keep peace among nations.
What were the main ideas of the Fourteen Points proposed by Woodrow Wilson?
Free trade and Freedom of Seas
Adjust colonies for fairness to colonists
Changing borders and creating nations
General Association of Nations - The League of Nations
What were Britain and France's issues with the Fourteen Points?
Concerned with National security. Wanted to remove Germany of war making.
How did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany? What was this clause called?
"War Guilt Clause" Responsibility of War placed on Germany. Germany had to pay War reparations to Allies.
What was the American public's opinion about joining the League of Nations?
The public was not in favor of joining the League of Nations.
True or False? The United States signed the Treaty of Versailles?
False. The U.S. did not back the Treaty of Versailles
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