i. The Enlightenment flourished in a print culture, that is, a culture in which books, journals, newspapers, and pamphlets had achieved a status of their own.
ii. During the 17th century, a lively world of publication had arisen, which many governments sought to censor.
iii. During the 18th century, the volume of printed material-books, journals, magazines, and daily newspapers-increased sharply throughout Europe. Mostly in Britain.
iv. Literacy increased materials being printed.
The printing press and higher education caused the Print Culture to flourish.
Secularization accompanied the expansion of printed forms. printed media.
p. 495 Most famous were: Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot, Rousseau, Hume, Smith, Kant
i. Philospohes were known as the writers and critics who flourished in the expanding print culture and who took the lead in forging the new attitudes favorable to change, championed reform, and advocated toleration.
ii. Most famous were Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot, D'Alembert, Rousseau, Hume, Gibbon, Smith, Lessing, and Kant.
iii. Bond between philosophes was their common desire to reform religion, political thought, society, government, and the economy for the sake of human liberty.