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18 terms

Ch. 11 Marine Biome

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Vertical Zones
photic, aphotic, benthic
Horizontal Zones
shore to shore, oceanic, neritic, intertidal
oceanic zone
deep ocean, 90% of world's oceans
plankton
produce 80% of world's oxygen
baleen whales
feed on plankton, no teeth, baleen filters
detritus organisms
scavengers that feed on dead organisms that float down in oceanic zone (clams, worms, sponges)
polar water
denser than water near equator
equator water
saltier than water near poles
neritic zone
between continental shelf and deep ocean
continental shelf
underwater cliff that runs along coast
reefs
natural structures on continental shelf (kelp beds and coral reefs) protect the shoreline
kelp beds
in cool waters
coral reefs
in tropical waters
zooxanthellae
type of algae that lives in coral and gives it food
estuaries
where fresh water meets salt water, good for commercial fishing
salt marshes
flat muddy wetlands in bays, lagoons, & estuaries.
intertidal zone
land covered by high tide and exposed by low tide (mangrove, salt marshes)
mangrove swamps
warm areas, trees and shrubs on stilts