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AP Human Geography Chapter 1 Key Terms
Terms in this set (58)
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
The physical character of a place.
The location of a place relative to another place.
The physical gap or interval between two objects.
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
A two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
The position of anything on Earth's surface.
The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Functional Region (Nodal Region)
An area organized around a node or focal point.
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
A 19th-20th century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in physical sciences. Geography-Therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.
The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct tradition.
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
The science of making maps
The spread of something over a given area.
An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
The spread of an underlying principal, even through a specific characteristic is rejected.
A square normally 6 miles on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into a series of townships.
A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters of shareholders are located.
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
Geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
The region from which innovative ideas originate.
The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Regional (cultural landscape) studies
An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomenon in a particular study area.
A square normally 1 mile on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the United States into 36 sections.
The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Geographic Positioning System (GPS)
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
Greenwich Meantime (GMT)
The time in that zone encompasses the prime meridian, or 0º longitude.
The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
Vernacular Region (perceptual region)
An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
The meridian, designated as 0º longitude, that passes through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England.
A north-south line designated in the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.
The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator. (0º)
The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian. (0º)
A representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
International Date Line
An arc that for the most part follows 180º longitude, although it deviates in several areas dividing land areas. When you cross the International Date Line heading east (towards America), the clock moves back 24 hours, or one entire day. When you go west (towards Asia), the calendar moves ahead one day.
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically or technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use.
Generally, the relationship between the portion of the Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically, the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from other long-distance methods.
The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.
The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
Formal Region (uniform/homogenous region)
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
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