AP Government Chapter 13
Terms in this set (39)
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House of Representatives win in close elections, typically by less than 55% of the vote.
The ability of members to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature for postage.
Districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55% or more.
The legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House or the Senate.
Senate Majority Leader: Mitch McConnell (aka Turtle Man) (R) KY.
House Majority Leader: Kevin McCarthy (R) CA.
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking.
A party leader who makes certain that party members are present for a vote and vote the way the party wishes.
Party Unity Vote
When members of a political party vote together in the House and Senate.
A group of Congress members that meet to pursue common legislative objectives.
Permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area.
Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose.
Committees on which both senators and representatives serve.
A joint committee appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and House versions of the same bill.
An expression of opinion either in the House or Senate to settle procedural matters in either body.
An expression of opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate, but not the president.
A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had the bill for thirty days, may petition to have brought to the floor.
An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on debate; forbids a bill from being amended on the floor.
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits a bill to be amended on the floor.
The minimum number of members who must be present for business to be conducted in Congress.
A provision added to a piece of legislation that is not germane to the bill's purpose.
A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate. Can break filibuster by 3/5 of the vote. Nuclear option
A congressional voting procedure in which members shout "yea" in approval or "nay" in disapproval, permitting members to vote quickly or anonymously on bills.
Roll Call Vote
A congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering "yea" or "nay" to their names.
A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted
Pork Barrel Legislation
Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts or states in the hope of winning their votes in return.
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action to the bill
President Pro Tem
Presides over the Senate when the vice president is absent.
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a majority of Republican legislators.
War Powers Act
Allows Congress to limit the president's use of military forces. The president must tell Congress within 48 hours if he sends armed forces anywhere, and Congress must give approval for them to stay there for more than 90 days (passed shortly after Nixon's resignation).
Votes of one party oppose most of the other
Alliance between Republicans and conservative Democrats (Blue dogs)
Legislative leader elected by minority party members. Representative of lesser party
Presiding officer of the H.O.R. and the leader of his party in the house
Formal expression of congressional opinion. Must be approved by both houses and president. A law
Order from House Rules committee that allows certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made onto a bill on the floor
Postpone bill in Senate until later so they can get on with more pressing business. Shelf filibusted bill
Members pass between two tellers and are counted
One party controls the White House and another controls one or both houses
Same party controls the White House and both houses
"Hidden" congressional provisions that direct the federal government to fund specific projects or exempt some from paying certain federal taxes/ fees