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loss of hydrogens 2 at a time
Which one of the following would best describe "biological oxidation?"
Anaerobic occurs in the ? of O2 and produces ? energy (ATP) for the cell than aerobic respiration.
Lactic Acid, Cori
In the absence of O2 pyruvic acid is converted to ? , and most of this is dealt with via the ? cycle.
Once O2 enters the metabolic process that we discussed in class, how many times did we see CO2 removed from a molecule that was involved in the process?
succinic & fumaric
FAD is involved in the Kreb's cycle between which two of the following "players?"
breakdown of glucose into 2 pyruvic acid molecule, req's input of 2 ATP molecules, produces 2 NADH2 molecules, doesn't req. oxygen
Both the Kreb's cycle and the Electron Transport reactions occur in which organelle of the cell?
the acetyl group
Which one of the following was emphasized as being a "2" carbon compound associated with the Kreb's cycle?
succinyl CoA & succinic
We observed that there is one molecule of ATP generated for each cycle of the Kreb's cycle. This occurs between ? & ? molecules.
citric; a-ketoglutaric; succinyl CoA; succinic
Which of the partial lists of acids in the Kreb's cycle is listed in the proper sequence?
Which of the following do you suppose would be the most likely time for glycogenolysis to occur?
It was emphasized that amino acid fragments must go through the process of glycolysis before they can enter the Kreb's cycle.
classified as essential or nonessential; synthesized in a transamination reaction; source of energy; converted to keto acids
As we began our study of the cardiovascular system, we emphasized that the #1 cause of death in the US is:
Which one of the following terms would describe the developmental pattern for nourishment of the human organism?
Which one of the extraembryonic membranes is responsible for formation of most of the placenta.?
The branch of science concerned with the study of blood, blood-forming tissue, and the disorders
associated with them is called ?.
When discussing COPD and CO2 transport by the blood, we emphasized that most of the CO2 is carried in the form of ?.
primitive tubular heart
During embryonic and fetal life which of the following would NOT be a site for blood cell production?
It is given that RBC's have no nucleus. This allows for their internal space to be used for:
In erythropoiesis we found that Hb production begins in in which one of the following stages?
Which one of the stages in erythrocyte production is characterized by nuclear disintegration?
Vit B12 is important in the synthesis of DNA synthesis in the production of RBC's. What
substance is necessary for the absorption of Vit B12.
The hormone that is produced by the kidneys and is instrumental in the production of RBC's is ?.
Which one of the following is a key factor in dictating the production and release of the hormone in question
The reticulocyte count is very important in hematology work. If the reticulocyte count is less than ? of the total number of RBC's then erythropoiesis is considered to be too slow.
Iron from hemoglobin is transported to different sites via the blood. Which one of the following is the transport vehicle for iron?
Bone marrow destruction as in the case of radiation poisoning from nuclear fallout can result in which type of anemia?
The white blood cell that most often referred to as the polymorphonuclear leucocyte is the ?
Which one of the following was emphasized as being a characteristic of bone cancer?
Heparin, which is an anticoagulant, is produced naturally by which one of the following cells?
Which one of the following was especially emphasized as being a polymorphonuclear leucocyte?
The type of leukemia that is characterized by sudden onset and poor prognosis would most likely be:
come from megakaryocytes; cell fragments; surface molecules that attach to collagen; play an important role in clot formation
platelet adhesion; platelet release reaction; platelet aggregation;
processes in platelet plug formation:
A constituent of blood plasma that is ultimately responsible for forming the network of fibers in a clot is:
alpha globulins; beta globulins
Plasma proteins that assist in the transport of lipids and fat soluble vitamins are ?.
damaged endothelial cells of blood vessels
Which one of the following would represent the initial step in the "Intrinsic Pathway" of blood clotting?
begins with the release of thromboplastin;leads to the production of prothrombinase; requires Ca++;
The extrinsic clotting pathway:
What substance is formed in the common pathway of blood clotting that is necessary for the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin?
activated factor XII; prothrombinase; thrombin, fibrinogen
lists the chemicals in the order they are used during clot formation.
One of the "clotting tests" mentioned in class was prothrombin time. The normal time for this clotting procedure is about 6 minutes
Which one of the following was mentioned as being an antagonist Vit K, which results in the lowering of the level of prothrombin.
In the Newsweek article on "Strokes" which one of the following was emphasized as being the only FDA approved drug for dissolving blood clots in stroke patients?
Your professor is heterozygous for type A blood. He knows this because his daughter has Type O blood. Based on this information Westmoreland's genotype is:
Platelet Release Reaction
after they bind to collagen and release ADP and thromboxanes causing platelets to stick together.
activitated platelets have fibrinogen receptor that can bind to fibrinogen causing the plug formation
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