10 terms

Gaelic

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Gaelic consonants
The majority come in pairs. They're either velarised (broad) or non-velarised (slender). Some of the non-velarised ones are palatalised.
Velarisation
Raising of the tongue body in the velar region. IPA [~] (for consonants) or [ˠ] (for vowels).
Palatalisation
Raising of the tongue body in the palatal region. IPA: [ʲ].
Hiatus
2 vowels produced as 2 separate syllables e.g. 'naive' in English and 'fitheach' in Gaelic- transcribed as a syllable break. Often identified with 'th', 'dh' or 'gh' in-between the 2 vowels.
Svarabhakti
Inserting a vowel after an 'r' or 'l' e.g. in Glaswegian English 'gir[ə]l' and 'fil[ə]m'.
Epenthesis
Inserting any sound in a word e.g. svarabhakti, glide insertion (e.g. 'n[j]ews') and consonants (e.g. ham[p]stə).
Lexical pitch accents
Partial use of a tone-like system. Used in Lewis Gaelic to contrast words with different syllables i.e. 2 different accents are used for mono and polysyllabic words. Only used in, but not confined to Lewis Gaelic e.g. heard in Norwegian and Swedish dialects. More common amongst older Gaelic speakers.
Glottalisation
Vocal folds vibrating irregularly. Any sound can be glottalised.
Aspiration
A puff of air after a plosive release. Glottis is open and there is on obstruction. IPA: [h].
Pre-aspiration
Vocal folds stop vibrating before the plosive closure.