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126 terms

Alvey Vocab 9

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convivial
showing jovial good fellowship
vivacious
full of the joy of living; animated; peppy
vivid
possessing the freshness of life; strong; sharp; life-like
revive
bring back to life
vivisection
operating on a live animal; discover causes and cures of disease
Antivivisectionists
object to the procedure, though many of our most important medical discoveries were made through vivisection.
parent
person who gives birth
viviparous
producing live babies
oviparous
producing young from eggs
oval
egg-shaped
oviod
synonym for oval; egg-shaped
ovum
the female germ cell which, when fertilized by a sperm, develops into an embryo
fetus
a baby turns into this after being an embryo
ova
plural for ovum
ovary
female reproductive gland that generates eggs
ovulate
to release an egg from the ovary
vital
essential to life; or crucial importance
vitalize
to give life to
revitalize
to restore life to
devitalize
to rob of life, to take life from
vitamin
one of the many nutritional compounds on which life is dependent
joie de vivre
literally joy of living, this phrase describes an immense delight in being alive, an effervescent keenness for all the daily activities that human beings indulge in (people who possess joie de vivre are never moody, depressed, bored, or apathetic — on the contrary, they are full of sparkle, eager to engage in all group activities, and, most important, always seem to be having a good time, no matter what they're doing)
ennui
a feeling of boredom, discontent, or weariness resulting sometimes from having a jaded, oversophisticated appetite.
bon vivant
a person who lives luxuriously, especially in respect to rich food, good liquor, expensive theater parties, operas, and other accoutrements of upper-class life; convivial; gourmet
gourmet
one who has a keen interest in food and liquor, but is much more fastidious, is more of a connoisseur, has a most discerning palate for delicate tastes, flavors, and differences; goes in for rare delicacies
gourmand
one who enjoys food with a sensual pleasure
gourmandize
has suffered a degeneration in meaning — signifies to stuff oneself like a pig
glutton
one who eats voraciously, with no discernment whatsoever, but merely for the purpose of stuffing himself
fatigue
weariness from bodily or mental exertion
indefatigable
unable to be fatigued, having boundless, illimitable energy
ingenuous
frank, open, artless — in other words, not likely to try to put anything over on you, not apt to hide feelings or thoughts that more sophisticated persons would consider it wise, tactful, or expedient to conceal
ingenious
shrewd, clever, inventive
disingenuous
crafty, cunning, dishonest, artful, insincere, untrustworthy — all these while making a pretense of being simple, frank, and aboveboard — a wolf in sheep's clothing
naïve
one who has not learned the ways of the world, and is therefore idealistic and trusting beyond the point of safety; such idealism and trust have probably come from ignorance or inexperience
credulous
willing to believe almost anything, no matter how fantastic
credible
applied to something that can be believed
incredulous
skepticism
incredible
cannot be believed
credo
personal belief, code of ethics; the principles by which people guide their actions
creed
a close synonym of credo; in addition, a religious belief
credence
belief
credentials
a document or documents proving a person's right to a title or privilege
gullible
easily tricked, easily fooled
spectacle
something to look at
spectacles
(eyeglasses) the means by which you get a comfortable and accurate look at the world
spectacular
worth looking at
spectator
one who looks at what's happening
inspect
to look into something
retrospect
a backward look
prospect
a forward look
introspect
to look inward, examine your mental processes and emotional reactions, in the intense way characteristic of the introvert
circumspect
looking around carefully — watchful, cautious, alert
specious
appearing good or sensible, but actually not being so
conspicuous
easily seen or looked at
perspicacious
keen-minded, mentally sharp, astute
acumen
mental keenness, sharpness, quickness; keen insight.
perspicuous
easily understood from one look
acute
sharp, sudden, as acute pain, an acute attack of appendicitis, acute reasoning, senses
acupuncture
the insertion of a (sharp) needle into the body for medical purposes
punctuate
to mark, divide, or interrupt with points
punctual
right on the point of time
punctilious
exact, scrupulous, very careful to observe proper points of behavior, procedure
puncture
to make a hole with a sharp point
pungent
piercing sharply
animate
able to move voluntarily
animated
full of life or spirit; lively; vigorous
animation
liveliness; vivacity; spirit
inanimate
lifeless; spiritless; sluggish; dull
magnanimous
having such a great, noble mind or soul as to be beyond seeking petty revenge
unanimous
of one mind
equanimity
etymologically "equal (or balanced) mind" — hence, evenness or calmness of mind; composure
animus
hostility, ill will, malevolence
animosity
ill will, hostility
pusillanimous
having a tiny mind or soul, hence contemptibly petty and mean
versatile
able to turn one's hand to many things successfully
stoical
bearing pain or sorrow without complaint, meeting adversity with unflinching fortitude
stoicism
the virtue of being stoic
intrepid
exhibiting courage and fearlessness (and not a single tremble!) when confronted by dangers from which you and I would run like the cowards we are
trepidation
great fear, trembling, alarm.
scintilla
in English this may also mean a spark, but more commonly refers to a very small particle
scintillate
sparkle with charm and wit, flash brightly with humor
urbane
refined, polished, courteous, gracious, affable, cultivated, suave, tactful
urban
having to do with a city or cities
suburb
residential section, or small community, close to a large city
suburbia
may designate suburbs as a group; suburban residents
suburbanites
group living in suburbs??
interurban
between cities
intraurban
within a city
exurb
region that lies well beyond, way outside, a large city — generally inhabited by well-to-do families
exurbia
exurbs as a group; exurban residents or manners or customs
exurbanites
exburban residents
rural
relating to country or farm regions, agriculture
rustic
made of roughhewn wood, or suitable to a farmhouse; person: unsophisticated, uncouth, boorish, lacking in social graces, uncultured
rusticate
to spend time in the country, away from the turmoil and tensions of big-city life
pejorative
a word used with a derogatory connotation (*****, piggish, glutton, idiot, etc.)
vivo
root- to live
sectus
root- cut
pareo
root- to give birth
ovum
root- egg
vita
root- life
vivre
root- to live
gromet
root- valet, wine merchant
gormant
root- glutton
gluto
root- to gulp down
fatigo
root- to tire
ingenuus
root- native, inborn, honorable
nativus
root- native
credo
root- to believe
gull
root- to swallow, guzzle
specto
root- to look
per-
root- through
acuo
root- to sharpen
punctus
root- point
animus
root- mind
magnus
root- large, great
pusillus
root- tiny
verto, versus
root- to turn
stoa
root- porch
trepido
root- to tremble
scintilla
root- quick, bright spark
urbs
root- city
sub-
root- under, near, close to
inter-
root- between, among
intra-
root- inside, within
ex-
root- out, out of
rus, ruris
root- country