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Digestive System Quiz Cards
Terms in this set (17)
What are the 3 phases of digestion?
What is mastication?
The process of chewing using teeth to break down food.
What are the 3 parts of the small intestine?
What are the 3 parts of the kidney?
1. Renal cortex
2. Renal medulla
3. Renal pelvis
What is the uvula?
Small muscular flap of tissue that covers the opening of the nasal passage. (Helps with swallowing).
What is the epiglottis?
Flap of skin covering the trachea (windpipe) and stops food from entering the respiratory system.
What are villi?
Millions of fingerlike projections that line the small intestine and they absorb nutrients into the blood stream.
In what organ specifically does the most digestion of food take place?
In what organ specifically does the most absorption of food take place?
What are the enzymes in the small intestine that come the pancreas?
(They're the Alkaline Enzymes)
What is the function of the gallbladder?
To store bile.
What are functions of the large intestine?
1. Absorption of water.
2. Elimination of the wastes of digestion.
What do the gastric juices contain?
1. Hydrochloric acid
2. Digestive enzymes
What are the 6 functions of the liver?
1. Produce bile
2. Converts glucose to glycogen
3. Maintains the body's balance of blood sugar
4. Carries out partial metabolism of carbs, fats, and proteins
5. Changes toxic waste to a less toxic substance
6. Stores fat soluble vitamins and water soluble vitamins
What is a nephron?
Filters blood in kidney.
What is the largest gland of the body?
What is chyme?
A substance formed from mixing foods and gastric juices.
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1.4 Gastrointestinal system TEAS
BIOLOGY: GP5 extra
Integrated Science I: The Digestive System (GEIDEY)
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