Geography Units 1-3 Midterm Study Guide
Terms in this set (64)
A flat representation of the Earth
A book of maps, contains maps of the world and regions of the world
A model of the Earth
pictures taken from the sky, used to take measurements or create graphs
like an aerial photograph, but from space
visual symbols of data, images that use pictures or symbols
a computer based program used to store, manage, and analyze data
shows features of an area such as mountains, rivers, and lakes
Shows major highways, airports, cities, railroads, and local points of interest.
Shows countries, borders, or major cities
Includes contour lines to show the elevation or height of an area.
Shows the distribution of various resources.
Shows information about wealth and money.
Religions, location, place, movement/ migration, and Human/ Environment-Interaction
The 5 themes of Geography
An area of the world that has similarities, but not always borders
An area that is defined by everything in it
The exact location on the globe
Position of a place in relation to something else
The movement of people/ ideas from one location or country to another
Human Environment Interaction
How humans affect the environment and how the environment affects people
Adapt, Depend, Modify
3 parts of Human Environment interaction
Natural features of the Earth's surface
Average weather over a long time
Openings in the Earth's crust where volcanic materials come out.
When rocks are broken, but their physical form does not change
When plates push up against each other for a long time and one plate's crust gets pushed under.
Large cracks in the Earth's crust and over time, they either separate or compress.
When plates are pushed together
Involves a chemical change in at least some of the minerals within a rock
Rock particle (loosened by one of the weathering processes) moved by some flowing agent like wind, water, or ice.
Acts as a rain barrier
Large bodies of Water
Can change temperature very little
As air rises, temperatures drop
Weather is warm in the tropics (unless at high altitude)
Large forests absorb water and heat
Continuous movement of the ocean water in a direction and can act like a conveyor belt
The direction that the winds come and go
Any part of the physical environment that people value and use to meet their needs
Land/ Open Space
Used for farming and space for building
Trees and Timber
Building material or source of heat and electricity
Oil or Petroleum
Flammable fuel, energy
Something that is made naturally
Used for Labor, food, or clothing
Used for energy, hygiene, transportation, consumption
Wind and Solar
Used for energy production
Resources that can be replenished over time
Resources that can never be regrown or regenerated fast enough to be consumed
The structure of a population
The average number of babies born to a single woman in her lifetime.
Crude Birth Rate
The number of babies born in one year per 1,000 people
Crude Death Rate
The number of deaths on one year per every 1,000 people
Natural Increase (Population Change or Growth)
The increase or decrease in a population that comes from just births and deaths
Based on the ideas of society (it changes!)
Social group that someone belongs to, sharing national origin or traditions
The growth or decline of the total population or a section of the population
Birth and Death Rates
Change the population because the number of births and deaths will shift the population
The average amount of time a person is expected to live
Health Care and Sanitation
Having health care and being clean will have a positive effect on life expectancy
The makeup of the population is changing
Shows the population of each gender and age group
The number of people living in a square mile.
The way of life for a group of people.
Government, Arts and Literature, Religion, Social Structure, Economic System, Language, and Customs and Traditions
6 Elements of Culture
Cultural landscape, Cultural Hearth, Cultural Diffusion, Cultural Divergence, Cultural Aprpropriation
Concepts of Nature of Culture