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Drugs, Alcohol, and Addiction Health
Terms in this set (45)
the taking of a drug, as medicine, correctly- that is, for it's proper medical purpose and in the right amount, frequency, strength, and manner
What is an example of taking Advil when you have a headache as directed
the deliberate taking of a drug other than a medical purpose and in a manor that can result in damage to a person's health or ability to function.
What is an example of taking Benadryl to fall alseep
the taking of a drug for its medically intended purpose, but not in the appropriate amount, frequency, strength, or manner
What is an example of taking more than the recommended amount of cough syrup in hopes that it will work faster?
What is it called when a person develops a tolerance and drug becomes necessary or a person has withdrawal symptoms
When the body becomes used to a substance
What is tolerance?
Unpleasant reactions that occur when a person who is physically dependent on a drug no longer takes it
What are withdrawal symptoms?
Headaches, sweating, vomiting, and even death
What are examples of withdrawal symptoms?
continued use even though it harms the body, mind and relationships
What is Drug Dependency?
What is it called when one has a strong desire to continue using a drug for emotional reasons.
Substance other than food that changes the way the body or mind works
What is a drug?
Mouth, injection, inhalation, and absorption
What are the four ways you can take a drug?
Pill, capsule, or liquid. Absorbed through the small intestines and into the bloodstream
How is the drug taken through the mouth (what forms)? How is it absorbed?
Syringes and needles. Absorbed through the skin and or muscle and goes directly into blood
How is the drug taken through injection (what forms)? How is it absorbed?
Nose or mouth. It goes into the lungs and then the bloodstream
How is the drug taken through inhalation (what forms)? How is it absorbed?
Ointments, creams, lotions, sprays, and patches. Absorbed through muscle membrane of the eyes, nose, mouth, anus, and vagina
How is the drug taken through absorption (what forms)? How is it absorbed?
Wax-coated form of the drug that is inserted into the anus or vagina and the wax melts, leading to the drug being absorbed by the mucus membrane and enters the blood
What is a suppository?
Stimulants, depressants, opiates, hallucinogens, cannabis, and inhalants
What are the types of drugs?
A drug that speeds up the CNS
What is a stimulant?
Drug that slows down the CNS
What is a depressant?
Drugs that slow down the CNS and decrease pain
What is an opiate?
Drug that interferes with senses and cause hallucinations
What is a hallucinogen?
Contains THC and causes psychoactive effects
What is cannabis?
Chemicals that affect mood and behavior when inhaled
What is an inhalant?
Brain stem and spinal cord, along with the cerebrum, cerebellum, and medulla and brain stem
What is the central nervous system made up of ? (CNS)
Type of alcohol found in liquor, beer, and wine
What is ethanol alcohol?
It acts as a depressant, so it depresses the central nervous system
What does alcohol act as?
Peer pressure, media, and advertisements
What are the three primary reasons on why people choose to drink alcohol?
How long does it take your body to process one drink?
Blood Alcohol Concentration, which is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood based on percentage
What is BAC?
Age/gender, height/weight, tolerance, rate of consumption, amount of consumption, amount of food in the body
What factors affect BAC?
Mouth, stomach, small intestine, bloodstream, liver, and brain
What is the pathway of alcohol?
Alcohol is consumed and passes down the esophagus
What happens in the mouth during the pathway of alcohol?
A little alcohol passes through the stomach walls
What happens in the stomach during the pathway of alcohol?
Rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream
What happens in the small intestine during the pathway of alcohol?
Heart pumps the blood to all parts of the body
What happens in the bloodstream during the pathway of alcohol?
Burns up the alcohol at a rate of half an ounce per hour
What happens in the liver during the pathway of alcohol?
Alcohol passes through the brain until liver burns it up
What happens in the brain during the pathway of alcohol?
Tolerance builds, headaches, vomiting, nausea, hangover, death, and/or decrease in judgement/coordination
What are some short term effects of drinking too much alcohol?
Liver disease (cirrhosis), brain damage, liver cancer, throat lining depletes, and addiction
What are some long term effects of drinking alcohol?
Consumption is mouth, absorption is small intestine, circulation is blood stream, and oxidation is liver (waste exiting the body)
In the pathway of alcohol, where does the consumption, absorption, circulation, and oxidation occur?
When the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy, and the infant develops facial deformities, physical limitations, and poor coordination
What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome? (FAS)
A primary, chronic, progressive, fatal, and treatable disease
What is addiction?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Nutrition/Fitness Health Test
Health Longevity Test
Health Test Human Sexuality
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