49 terms

Biology Chapter 8 and 9 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Casatelli Period 4/1 Test Review
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What gas do plants require to perform photosynthesis?
Carbon Dioxide
What is the main energy carrier found in all cells?
ATP
What is the main energy source needed by all cells?
Glucose
What light absorbing molecules gather energy from the sun?
Pigments
What are the two parts of photosynthesis?
Light dependent reaction and calvin cycle.
What does the light dependent reaction give the calvin cycle?
ATP NADPH
Organisms that make their own food.
Autotrophs
Organisms that dont make their own food
Heterotrophs
Three Parts of an ATP molecule?
Adenosine Triphosphate Ribosome
When is energy released from an ATP molecule?
When the third phosphate breaks off
What makes up an ADP molecule.
Adenosine Diphosphate ribosome
What did Van Helmont conclude
Plants gain their mass from water
What did Ingenhousz prove?
Plants only produce oxygen in light.
Photosynthesis converts water and carbon dioxide into what?
Oxygen Glucose
What is the name of the main pigment found in plants?
Chlorophyll
What are the colors of the visible spectrum?
Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet
What is a granum?
Thylakoid stack
What is the stroma?
area in the chloroplast between granum
What is the product of the calvin cycle?
Glucose NADP+ ADP
What affects the rate of photosynthesis?
Water temperature light
Equation of photosynthesis
6H2O + 6CO2 -> 6O2 + C6H12O2
What is the process of converting glucose into chemical energy in the presence of oxygen.
Cellular Respiration
What is the process of breaking a glucose molecule down into 2 pyruvic acids?
Glycolysis
Where does cell respiration take place?
Cytoplasm Mitochondria
What process occurs without oxygen and converts NADH back to NAD+
Fermintation
Two types of energy carriers in the cell.
Glucose ATP
What are the three parts of cell resperation?
Glycolysis Krebs Cycle electron transport chain
Chemical equation for cell resperation?
6O2 + C6H12O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H20 + 36ATP
What are the two types of fermintation?
Alcohol Lactic Acid
Chemical equation for lactic acid fermintation?
Pyruvic Acid + NADH -> lactic acid + NAD+
Chemical equation for alcohol fermintation?
Pyruvic Acid + NADH -> Alcohol + CO2 + NAD+
What gas is released in cellular respiration?
Carbon Dioxide
How many ATP are produced from a single glucose molecule?
2 ATP
What are the products of cell respiration?
NADH, FADH2 2 ATP and CO2
What are the reactants of glycolysis?
2 pyruvic acid 4ATP 2NADH
What part of cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria?
The Krebs cycle and electron transport chain
Where does fermentation occur?
cytoplasm
Where does glycolysis occur
Cytoplasm
How many ATP's does glycolysis produce?
2 ATP
Does glycolysis require input energy?
Yes glucose
What is the name of the electron carrier in photosynthesis?
NADP+
What type of process takes place in the presence of oxygen?
aerobic
What type of process takes place without the presence of oxygen?
anaerobic
What are the products of photosynthesis?
Oxygen Glucose
what type of organisms perform cellular respiration?
Animals
what type of organisms perform photosynthesis?
Plants
What is made using the energy from the electron transport chain?
NADH
How many electrons can a NADH molecule carry?
two
What are bi products of cellular respiration?
Water and carbon dioxide