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75 terms

United States Constitution

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add the number of senators (2) to the Number of representatives (based on population)
How do you determine the number of electoral votes a state has?
Preamble
What is the beginning of the Constitution called?
It is equal from the beginning
When a new state becomes a state is it equal to all other states or does it have to wait a period of time?
the Supreme Court
What is the highest court in the United States?
A bill can start in either the House or the Senate but all revenue or tax bills must start in the House
Where can a bill start?
Congress
Who has the power to declare war?
an Appellate Court
Usually the Supreme Court acts as what type of court?
Yes
Do states have to recognize legal acts and documents from other states?
$400,000 dollars
What does the President get paid a year?
the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November every four years
When are Presidential elections held?
federal court
Where would a court case involving the Constitution be heard?
the electoral college
Who elects the President?
federal court
Where are court cases involving treaties heard?
Marbury v. Madison
What court case established the right of the Supreme Court to judge if a law is constitutional or not?
1920 with the passing of the 19th amendment
When did women get the right to vote?
Yes
For a bill to be sent to the President and become law does it have to pass the House and the Senate in the same form?
yes
Does Congress have to keep a journal or record of its meetings?
the judge must throw out the state law
If two laws conflict one state and one federal what must a judge do?
three, because every state has two Senators and at least one Representative
What is the minimum number of electoral votes a state can have?
June 21, 1788
When was the Constitution ratified?
two years
A member of the House of Representatives serves a term of how long?
435
The total number of Representatives in the House is how many?
impeached
If the President or other government officials are accused of wrongdoing they are what?
two-thirds
How many votes does a bill need in both the House and Senate to become a law if the President vetoes it?
majority
A bill must pass both the House and Senate by how many votes to become a law?
the states population
What determines the number of Representatives each state has?
life
How long does a Supreme Court Justice serve?
the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
If the President is impeached who presides over the trial?
the idea that each branch of government can check the power of the other branches
What is Checks and Balances?
30 years old, citizen for 9 years, live in the state you represent
What are the qualifications to become a U.S. Senator?
6 years
How long does a Senators term in office last?
the Senate
When a government official is impeached where does the trial take place?
3 branches of government
There are how many branches of government?
powers are divided between and given to different branches of government so one does not get too strong
What is Separation of Powers?
4 years
A Presidents term in office is how long?
35 years old, born in the U.S., and lived here for 14 years
What are the qualifications to be President?
2 Senators per state
Each state has how many Senators?
this is the clause that allows Congress to pass additional laws to carry out its expressed powers, it has often been used to stretch the power of Congress
What is the Elastic Clause?
e right of a court to hear a case
What is jurisdiction?
the House of Representatives
Who has the power to impeach government officials?
the idea that power is shared by the state and national government
What is Federalism?
a census
Every ten years what must be taken to count the population of the U.S.?
a form of government where people choose leaders to make decisions for them
What is a republic?
A change to the Constitution
What is an amendment?
Congress
Who may admit new states to the Union?
they interpret laws
What is the job of the judicial branch?
they carry out laws
What is the Job of the executive branch?
the President
Who has the power to appoint Supreme Court justices?
They make laws
What is the job of the legislative branch?
the Senate
Who approves treaties?
it abolished slavery
What did the 13th Amendment do?
Barack Obama
The President of the United States today is who?
it is when the President refuses to sign a bill into law
What is a veto?
Joe Biden
The Vice-President of the United States today is who?
9 states
For the constitution to go into effect how many states had to ratify it?
The smallest number necessary to do business
What is a quorum?
25 years old, citizen for 7 years, and live in the state and district you represent
What are the qualifications to be a Representative in the House?
the President
Who may make treaties?
three-fourths
In order to amend the Constitution what margin of state legislature or state conventions must vote for it?
the 26th amendment
Which amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote?
the Speaker of the House
Who is the top officer in the House? (title)
the President
The Commander and Chief of the Armed Forces is Who?
27 amendments total
There are how many amendments total?
the right to bear arms
What does the second amendment deal with?
it is a crime against ones own country
What is Treason?
the House
Tax or revenue bills must start where?
The President of the Senate which is the Vice-President
When there is a tie vote in the Senate who gets to vote to break the tie but is not allowed to vote at any other time?
unreasonable search and seizures
What does the 4th amendment protect us from?
the 6th amendment
If you are accused of a crime which amendment assures you of a speedy public trial?
it provides a way to amend or change the Constitution
What does Article 5 of the Constitution do?
an oath
A solemn promise is also known as a what? (hint government officials take these before taking office)
it protects our freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition
What does the first amendment protect?
the first ten amendments to the Constitution that protect our rights as citizens of the U.S.
What is the Bill of Rights?
the 19th
Women were given the right to vote by which amendment?
The House of Representatives and the Senate
What two parts make up Congress?