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106 terms

Anatomy- Cat Test

Definition, True/False, and Short Answer Questions for Christman's Cat Test
STUDY
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External Intercostals
Draw ribs craniad to expand the thoracic cavity during inhalation
Latissimus Dorsi
Flexes brachium
Rectus Abdominis
Supports abdominal viscera and flexes spine
External & Internal Oblique
Supports abdominal viscera and expands thoracic cavity
Clavotrapezius
Forward extension of the humerus
Acromiotrapezius
Adduct and stabilize the position of the scapulae
Spinotrapezius
Pulls the scapula dorsally and caudally
Clavobrachialis
Flexes the forearm
Acromiodeltoid
Flexes the humerus and rotates it outwards
Spinodeltoid
Flexes the humerus and rotates it outwards
Rhomboideus
Rotates and pulls the scapula cranially
Supraspinatus
Extend humerus
Brachialis
Flex antebrachium
Triceps Brachii Lateral Head
Extend antebrachium
Triceps Brachii Long Head
Extends antebrachium
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Extends wrist
Extensor Digitorium Lateralis
Extend digits
Extensor Digitorium Communis
Extends digits
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
Extends wrist
Sartorius
Adduct femur and extend tibia
Gluteus Medius
Abduct thigh
Gluteus Maximus
Abduct and extend thigh
Gracilis
Abduct thigh; flex leg
Adductors
Moves digits toward the midline in the frontal plane
Gastrocnemius
Extend foot
Soleus
Extend foot
Peroneus
Flexes foot
Flexor Digitorium
Flexes Digits (2-5)
Thyroid Gland
aendocrine gland w/ R+L lateral lobes on either side of the trachea connected by an isthmus ~ anterior to the trachea ~ inferior to cricoid cartilage ~ secretes Thyroxine
Thymus
bilobed organ ~in superior mediastinum, posterior to sternum, btwn lungs ~ T cells develop immunocompetence
Adrenal Glands
2 glands located superior to each kidney
Larynx
voice box, short passageway that connects pharynx w/ trachea
Epiglottis
prevents the contents of the oral cavity from entering the trachea during swallowing
Trachea
tubular air passageway extending from larynx to the 5th thoracic vertebrae
Lung
main organ of respiration ~ lies on either side of heart in thoracic cavity
Heart
hollow muscular organ laying slightly to left of midline of the chest that pumps blood through cardiovascular system
Diaphragm
btwn thoracic & abdominal cavity ~ skeletal muscle ~ domed shape
Liver
under diaphragm ~ occupies most of R hypochondriac region & part of epigastric region ~ produces bile & synthesizes plasma proteins ~ interconverts nutrients ~ detoxifies substances ~ stores glycogen, iron, & vitamins ~ carries on phagocytosis of blood cells & bacteria ~ synthesizes active form of Vit. D
Gallbladder
small pouch, inferior to liver ~ stores bile & empties by means of cystic duct
Stomach
J-shaped enlarement of gastrointestinal tract directly inferior to the diaphragm in the epigastric, umbillical, & left hypochondriac regions of abdomen ~ btwn esophagus & small intestine
Pyloric Valve [Sphincter]
thickened ring of smooth muscle through which the pylorus of the stomach communicates w/ the duodenum
Spleen
large mass of lymphatic tissue btwn fundus of stomach & diaphragm that functions in formation of blood cells during fetal development ~ phagocytosis of ruptured blood cells ~ proliferation of B cells during immune responses
Pancreas
soft, oblong organ lying along the greater curvature of the stomach and connected by a duct to the duodenum ~ exocrine gland (secretes pancreatic juice) ~ endocrine gland (secretes insulin and glucagon)
Duodenum
1st 25cm of small intestine ~ connects stomach & ileum
Jejunum
middle part of small intestine
Ileum
terminal part of small intestine
Large Intestine (colon)
portion of gastrointestinal tract extending from ileum of small intestine to anus, divided structually into ileum, colon, rectum, and anal canal
Urinary Bladder
hollow, muscular organ situated in the pelvic cavity posterior to pubic symphysis ~ recieves urine via 2 ureters ~ stores urine until excreted through urethra
Ureters
connect kidney w/ urinary bladder
Penis
organ of urination & copulation in males ~ used to deposit semen into female vagina
Scrotum
skin covered pouch that contains testes and accessory structures
Testes
male gonads that produce sperm & hormones (testosterone & inhibin)
Epididymis
comma shaped organ that lies along the posterior border of testes & contains ductus epididymis, in which sperm undergo maturation
Spermatic Cord
supporting structure of male reproductive system ~ extends from testes to deep inguinal ring (includes vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymphatic vessles, nerves, chemaster muscle, & connective tissue)
Uterine Horns
point where uterus & uterine tubes meet ~ connect body of uterus & ovaries ~ fetus develops here
Ovaries
female gonads that produce oocytes & hormones (estrogen, progesterone, inhibin, & relaxin)
Vagina
muscular, tubular organ that leads from uterus to vestibule ~ situated btwn urinary bladder & rectum of female
Flex
decreasing the angle of the joint [EX: bending the knee]
Extend
increasing the angle of a joint [EX: straightening the knee]
Adduct
movement of extremity towards the ventral median axis of the body [EX: moving a rasied arm back to resting position]
Abduct
movement of extremity away from the ventral median axis of the body [EX: moving the arm out to one side}
Rotate
movement of a body part around the long axis {EX: action of the hand and forearm when using a screwdriver]
T/F: The scientific name for a domestic cat is Felis Catus
True
T/F: Cats are herbivores
False
T/F: Most cats use their tails for balance
True
T/F: Cats have superior color vision
False
T/F: Cats have a better sense of smell than dogs
False
T/F: Cats belong to the class Mammalia
True
T/F: The location of the cats' organs are IDENTICAL to humans'
False
T/F: Cats are known as bipeds
False
T/F: Your work area should always be wiped down with disinfectant cleaner after a day of dissection
True
T/F: Reading directions thoroughly is not an important aspect of dissection
False
T/F: Scissors are used for cutting through tissue
True
Dorsal
The back/towards the back
Ventral
Belly/towards belly
Cranial/Superior
Toward the head
Caudal/Inferior
Toward the tail
Anterior
Ahead or before
Posterior
After or behind
Medial
Toward the midline
Lateral
Toward the side
Midline
Imaginary line that extends directly down the middle of the dorsal and ventral surfaces
Proximal
next to or nearest to the point of origin or attachment
Distal
Some distance from the point of origin or attachment
Sagittal
Section parallel to the midline of the cat
Mid Sagittal
Section that passes exactly down the midline of the body
Transverse
Analogous to the slices of a loaf of bread
Frontal
Section made along the entire length of cat
Superficial
Located close to or on the body surface
Deep
Located further beneath the body surface
Pinnae
The external portion of the ear
Vibrissae
Cat Whiskers
External Nares
Nostrils
Eyelids
Upper and lower in the medial corner of the eye in the nictitating membrane
Teats
The external openings to the mammary glands
Anus
External opening of the rectum
Uro-Genital Openings
Penis & Vagina
Tori
Fleshy pads at the bottom of the cat's feet
How do the locations of the endocrine glands in the cat compare with those in the human?
They are in similar areas.
Given the assumption that humans have more stress than cats, which endocrine organ would you expect to be relatively larger in humans?
They thymus & the adrenal glands.
Would cats or humans have a more active thyroid?
Humans- more active during period of growth
In the human, there are 3 lobes in the right lung and 2 in the left. How does this compare to what is seen in the cat?
3 lobes on left side; 4 lobes on right (less on left side due to heart)
Compare the number of lobes of the liver in cats & humans.
Cats- 5; Humans- 2
Does the cat have an appendix?
No
Is the location of the adrenal gland the same or different in cats & humans
The locations are very similar
What is the difference in the location of the prostate gland between humans and cats?
The prostate is located deeper inside a cat than in a human