30 terms

Italian (Grammar Rules)

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What letters do masculine nouns generally end in?
-o (for singular)
-i (for plural)
What letters do feminine nouns generally end in?
-a (for singular)
-e (for plural)
How are masculine nouns generally made plural?
change the -o to -i
How are feminine nouns generally made plural?
change the -a to -e
What ending can make a noun masculine or feminine?
-e
How are -e ending nouns made plural?
change the -e to -i
Most nouns that end in -ione (especially -zione and -sione) are what gender?
Feminine
All nouns ending in -one are what gender?
Masculine
What sound does the c make when used in front of a, o, u, and any consonant?
k
(like in kit)
What sound does the ch make when used in front of e and i?
k
(like in cat)
What sound does the c make when used in front of e and i?
ch
(like in church)
What sound does the ci make when used in front of a, o, u?
ch
(like in chance)
What sound does the g make when used in front of a, o, u, and any consonant?
g
(like in good)
What sound does the gh make when used in front of e and i?
g
(like gate)
What sound does the gi make when used in front of a, o, u?
j
(like just)
What sound does sc make when used in front of a, o, u, or any consonant?
sk
(like in skate)
What sound does sch make when used in front of e and i?
sk
(like in skunk)
What sound does sc make when used in front of e and i?
sh
(like in shun)
What sound does the sci when used in front of a, o, u?
sh
(like in shoot)
What syllable do most accents (stresses) fall on?
next-to-last
What type of words are not usually capitalized in Italian?
1. The pronoun io (I), unless it is the first word of a sentence.
2. Titles
3. Adjectives and nouns referring to languages and nationality.
4. Names of months and days.
What type of nouns (things) usually match the biological sex with the grammatical gender?
people or animals
What tense do you use to indicate an action or a state of being that is taking place at the present time?
present indicative
[Ex: Parlo a Maria in questo momento/I am speaking to Mary at this moment.]
What tense do you use to indicate an action or a state of being that is permanent or continuos?
present indicative
[Ex: Parlo italiano/I speak Italian.]
What tense do you use to emphasize something at the present time?
present indicative
[Ex: Si, capisco!/Yes, I do understand!]
What tense do you use to indicate an habitual action?
present indicative
[Ex: Vado al cinema ogni settimana/I go to the movies every week.]
What tense do you use to convey a general truth?
present indicative
[Ex: Due piu due fa quattro/Two plus two makes four.]
What tense do you use to express an action that may occur in the near future?
present indicative
[Ex: Lui arriva domani/He's arriving tomorrow.]
How do you conjugate -are verbs for the present indicative?
drop the -are and add -o (io), -i (tu), -a (lui, lei, Lei), -iamo (noi), -ate (voi), -ano (loro, Loro).
How do you conjugate -ere verbs for the present indicative?
drop the -ere and add -o (io), -i (tu), -e (lui, lei, Lei), -iamo (noi), -ete (voi), -ono (loro, Loro).