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33 terms

APUSH Chapter 36

STUDY
PLAY
Dwight Eisenhower
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
Marshal Rommel
German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
He decoded Japanese naval codes, planning to knock out the American fleet, but he knew the plans and locations of the Japanese ships.
War Production board
During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
War Labor Board
(WLB) settled disputes between business and labor without strikes so that production would not be interrupted and morale would be high
Smith-Conally Act
unions had to wait 30 days to strike and gov't could seize a struck war plant
Negro March on Washington
In 1941 Philip Randolph and Baynard Rustin began to organize a march to Washington to protest against discrimination in the defense industries. In May Randolph issued a "Call to Negro America to March on Washington for Jobs and Equal Participation in National Defense on July, 1, 1941".
Double V
African-Americans demanded a "Double V" campaign to gain victory over racial discrimination at home as well as over the Axis abroad.
Native American War contribution
The U. S. used to the Navajo code to communicate since nobody else new the language
Braceros
Mexican workers that were brought to America to work when so many men and women were gone from home during World War II that there weren't enough workers.
American War Economy
The economy boomed, but because of money spent on war efforts not a big boom.
General Douglas MacArthur
He was one of the most-known American military leaders of WW2(He liberated the Phillipines and made the Japanese surrender at Tokyo in 1945, also he drove back North Korean invaders during the Korean War)
Battle of the Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia.
Battle at Midway
Important battle, US claimed air superiority due to Japanese air carriers destroyed, midway for refueling
Guadalcanal Island
6th months of fighting between allies and Japanese; allies took island
Leap-frogging
chasing Japan from island to island
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Tehran Conference
First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war
D-Day
planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
French Underground
The underground movement of French civilians who fought against Nazi Germans who occupied France during much of WWII. This well organized group killed many German's and assisted the Allied forces in any way possible.
election of 1944
Franklin D. Roosevelt/democrat vs. Thomas Dewy/republican= Roosevelt (VP=Harry Truman)
Battle of the Bulge
a battle during World War II in December 1944 von Rundstedt launched a powerful counteroffensive in the forest at Ardennes and caught the Allies by surprise
Genocide
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Fall of Berlin
april 30, 1941, hitler commits suicide and allies take control
VE Day
May 8, 1945; The name of the day which ended World War II in Europe
Battle of Tokyo
The Battle of Tokyo Bay was a World War II anti-shipping raid in Tokyo Harbor on the night of July 22, 1945. It was the last surface action of the war.
Iwo Jima / Okinawa
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)
Kamikazes
in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Atom Bombs
1945 U.S dropped 2 atom bombs on japan which inflicted extremely heavy damges and many casualties
Hiroshima / Nagasaki
the 2 sites of the American Atom bomb droppings
VJ Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945