Justice System Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Acquittal
Judge or jury's decision that the defendant is not guilty
Arraignment
When a suspect is called to court to hear the charges against him or her and to make a plea
Arrest
An officer of the law takes a suspect into custody
Attorney
Another name for lawyer counsel
Bail
Money given to the courts as a promise that the accused will return for his or her trial
Civil case
Two or more parties (people and/or companies)
Compensation
Money paid to plaintiff in a civil case
Crime
When someone breaks the law and causes harm to a person or to society
Criminal Case
The government (prosecutor) tries to prove that the defendant is guilty
Cross-examine
Attorneys take turns asking the witness questions
Damages
What the playoff claims from the defendant in a civil case
Defendant
The person who is charged in a criminal case of sued in a civil case
Felony
A serious crime that requires at least a one-year jail sentence
Indict
To formally charge someone with a crime
Judge
One who presides (is in charge of) a trial. The judge instructs the jury about the laws that apply to a case
Jury
A group of people (usually 12) who listen to the evidence and determine if a defendant is guilty or not guilty. In a civil case, the jury decides whether the defendant caused injury or damage to the plaintiff
Juvenile
A person who is under 18 years old
Misdemeanor
A minor crime
Plaintoff
One who fowls a complaint (civil lawsuit)
Plea Bargain
Agreements to get a reduced sentence
Probably Cause
Compelling evidence; a requirement in the Fourth Amendment that must be met before police make an arrest or conduct a search in a criminal case
Testimony
Statement given under oath
Trial
A procedure for determining the outcome of a case
Verdict
The decision or outcome of a trial by a jury or judge
Battery
A crime of physical contact
Assalut
Placing someone is fear without actual physical contact
Larceny
Taking anything of value that belongs to another person without using violence
Robbery
Specific kind of stealing
White-Collar Crime
Nonviolent crimes by office workers for personal or business gain