32 terms



Terms in this set (...)

Prince of Denmark; -Protagonist
-upset that his uncle killed his father to become king and married Hamlet's mother
-pretends to be crazy to give him time to figure out how he can get revenge
-struggles with himself about his hesitation to get revenge
King of Denmark, and Hamlet's Uncle; Antagonist
-secretly murdered his brother to become king and marry the queen
-plots with Laertes to poison Hamlet when he thinks that Hamlet may know his secret
the Queen; Hamlet's mom
-marries Claudius soon after the king dies
-there is no evidence in the play that she knew about the murder but her sudden marriage to Claudius is suspicious
-Hamlet thinks she is weak
-accidentally drinks the poison that is intended for Hamlet
King Hamlet/The Ghost
-murdered by his own brother
-appears before three soldiers, who recognize him as the dead king
-asks Hamlet to avenge his death
-though he is disgusted that his wife Gertrude married Claudius, he asks Hamlet not to hurt her
advisor to King Claudius
-father of Ophelia and Laertes
-a windbag and a rambler of wisdom
-spies on Hamlet for the king
-Hamlet stabs him as he is hiding behind a curtain
son of Polonius and brother of Ophelia
-is given advice by his father about how to behave in France
-returns from France when he learns of his father's death
-after Ophelia's death, he plots with Claudius to stage a sword fight in which Hamlet will be poisoned
Hamlet's girlfriend
-daughter of Polonius, sister of Laertes
-her father tells her not to see Hamlet and her brother tells her Hamlet may not have good intentions toward her
-Hamlet insults her when he is pretending to be crazy
-she commits suicide after Hamlet kills her father
loyal friend of Hamlet
-promises to help Hamlet throughout the play
-watches the king during the play to see if he is guilty
-goes to the graveyard with Hamlet
-though he wants to drink the poison too at the end of the play, Hamlet asks him not to so that he can live and help fix things in Denmark
-the only main character in the play to survive
a soldier who is Hamlet's friend
-sees the ghost of Hamlet's father
-swears to Hamlet that he will keep what he sees a secret
Prince of Norway
-his father, was killed by Hamlet's father
-Fortinbras wishes to attack Denmark to avenge his father's honor
-Hamlet admires how Fortinbras acts to get revenge for his father
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
-old school friends of Hamlet
-Claudius asks them to spy on Hamlet to figure out why he has gone crazy
-Hamlet realizes they are spying on him, rather than being his friends
-are sent to England with Hamlet, along with a letter from King Claudius instructing the King of England to kill Hamlet
-they are killed when Hamlet changes the instructions to read that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are to be killed instead
The male leader of a big community, or castle
a country in Northern Europe
William Shakespeare
The playwright who wrote Hamlet
an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or society in general
an act done with intent to kill the victim
something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on)
A large building where the king lives
people who protect the king
a visible picture of a dead person
your punishment for someone who has hurt you
a hole in the ground for a dead person
a hanging cloth that covers something, such as a window
great unhappiness caused by losing something or someone you love
the one who made Heaven and Earth
a place where good people who follow God go after death
a place where bad people who don't follow God go after death
crazy; ill in the head
something that can kill people or animals
a long, sharp piece ofo metal like a big knife, used for fighting
the hard inside part of the head which gives it its shape
an animal that lives in the ground, with long, soft body and no legs

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