Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
terms and concepts
Terms in this set (64)
the branch of psychology that investigates similarities and differences in psychological functioning in and across cultures and ethnic groups
explores the relationship between psychological factors and physical ailments
What do psychologists study?
behavior and mental processes
What are some things you would need to know when assessing the validity of research you read about in a magazine?
the specific hypotheses of the research
the independent and dependent variables
who were the test subjects
What might the control group receive unlike the treatment group in a study of the effect of a drug?
What are two types of experimental bias?
a form of which would be experimenter expectations
What is functionalism and who is its founder?
an early approach to psychology that concentrated on what the mind does, the functions of mental activity, and the role of behavior in facilitating adaptation to the environment
founded by WillIam James
What is Gestalt psychology and who led it?
an approach that focuses on the idea that the whole is different from the sum of its parts
led by Hermann Ebbinghaus and Max Wertheimer
broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interest
What is the scientific method and what are its steps?
1) identify a question
2) develop a hypothesis
3) test the hypothesis
4) communicate findings
the branch of psychology that considers how behavior is influenced by our genetic inheritance and the principle of natural selection
examines how people grow and change from the moment of conception through death
the field of psychology that examines how the brain and nervous system influence behavior
an in-depth analysis of an individual or small group of people
results of which are based on studying one individual and cannot be easily generalizable to the general population
examines the strength and direction of a relationship between two variables
What would represent a significant challenge of survey research that may ultimately affect the quality of the conclusions drawn?
sample may not be representative of broader population
people may be unwilling to answer questions truthfully
people may not be consciously aware of their true attitudes
the change that an experimenter deliberately produces in an experiment
a broad term for any characteristic that can change in some way
research in which people chosen to represent a larger population are asked a series of questions about their behavior, thoughts, or attitudes
involves examining data, such as census documents, college records, and newspaper clippings, in order to test a hypothesis
the approach based on the view that behavior is motivated by unconscious inner forces over which the individual has little control
suggests that observable, measurable behavior should be the focus of study
a prediction stemming from a theory that's stated in a way that allows it to be tested
the only way psychologists can establish cause and effect relationships through research
a result that would have occurred by change less than 5 times out of one hundred
manipulated by the experimenter in an experiment
expected to change as a result of the experimental manipulation
random assignment to condition
a procedure where participants are assigned to either the treatment or control group on the basis of chance
any group participating in an experiment that receives a treatment
the manipulation implemented by the experimenter
the group that receives no treatment but rather a placebo
What are the five perspectives in psychology that are most practiced today?
studies how people and nonhumans function biologically
the approach that suggests that all individuals naturally strive to grow, develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior
What is the purpose of using deception in psychological research?
to prevent participants from being influenced by what they think the purpose of the study is
What would tend to minimize experimental bias in research?
the use of a placebo and a double blind procedure
believed that the human mind is a blank slate
believed some knowledge is inborn
In comparison to a PhD, a PsyD psychologist is more likely to
have been trained exclusively to treat mental disorders
In comparison to a PsyD, a PhD psychologist is more likely to
have completed a dissertation based on original research
nature vs. nurture debate
observable behavior vs. internal mental processes debate
the idea that behavior is a reflection of choices made by the individual
a field that uses brain scans and other methods to understand interpersonal dynamics
a procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to describe in detail what they are experiencing when exposed to a stimulus
the idea that behavior is a reflection of factors beyond the control of the individual
Why do researchers test hypotheses?
because theories are too general to be tested adequately
What is the major reason researchers sometimes prefer to use animals as opposed to humans in psychological research?
The shorter lifespan of some animals makes it easier to study the effects of aging.
an approach that focuses on uncovering the fundamental mental components of consciousness and thinking with Wilhelm Wundt
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
women are more likely than men to report the use of alcohol and illicit drugs in the past month (T/F)
The most common conflict is when there will be both good and bad involved in either decision we make. This is which type of conflict?
Simple rules used in problem-solving that do not guarantee a solution, but offer a likely short cut to it are called....
what is the approach of the sociocultural perspective?
Recommended textbook explanations
Carolyn Seefer, Mary Ellen Guffey
Bundle: A Concise Introduction To Logic Aplia 1 Term Printed Access Card
Patrick J. Hurley
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY CONNECT MIND/RESRCH/EVERYDY EXPER
E Bruce Goldstein
Child Development: An Active Learning Approach
Sets found in the same folder
Psychology Ch. 2
Experimental Research (Test 2)" and 1 other
Psych Chapter 2
Sets with similar terms
Intro to Psych Chapter 1
Ch1: Introduction to Psychology
Psychology quiz 1
1 Introduction to Psychology
Other sets by this creator
Ch. 12 Primate Behavior
Ch. 11 Comparative Primate Anatomy
Ch. 10 Primate Classification
Ch. 9 Forensic Anthropology and Bioarchaeology
Other Quizlet sets
Understanding Anxiety- Adult Health
WWI Vocabulary- 3/30/11
Which of the following best describes a discriminative stimulus? a. Something that elicits a response after association with a reinforcer. b. An innately reinforcing stimulus. c. Something that when removed increases the likelihood of the behavior. d. An event that decreases the behavior it follows. e. An amplified stimulus feeding back information to responses.
When asked to think of a "desk," many students think of the desks in their classroom rather than a large desk used by an executive. This illustrates that their school desks have formed their _____ of a desk. a. phoneme. b. heuristic. c. concept. d. telegraphic utterance. e. prototype.
Slowed reactions, slurred speech, and decreased skill performance are associated with abuse of which drug? a. Nicotine. b. Methamphetamine. c. Caffeine. d. Alcohol. e. Ecstasy.
The purpose of Alfred Binet's early intelligence test was to a. predict how children would do in school. b. identify differences among ethnic and racial groups. c. help French gradates find the occupation in which they were most likely to succeed. d. establish the scientific definition of intelligence. e. facilitate "genetic breeding" experiments.