40 terms

TX GOVT - Exam 1

1) Today, the INS (Immigration and Naturalism Service) is under the Department of
Homeland Security
2) According to the text, the "baby-boom" generation are people who were born
between 1946 and 1964
3) The States current water supply will meet only _____________ percent of the projected demand by 2050.
4) Recent population projections in Texas show that
percentage of Anglos in the state will decline while other ethnic groups will increase
5) The most important cause of atmospheric pollution in Texas is probably
The internal combustion engine
The origin of Texas cattle ranching can be traced to
Gregorio de Villalobos and the Spanish-Moorish cattle brought from Spain to Mexico.
7) The origin of the name of the State of Texas comes from
the Native American Caddo word "tejas," which means friendly.
Most service jobs pay
lower wages and salaries than manufacturing firms.
The collapse of Enron occurred because of
improper accounting and business practices that concealed the true fiscal condition of the corporation.
Before the Civil War, the hill country north of San Antonio was settled by
Mostly anti-slavery German immigrants
According to Professor Daniel Elazar, the political culture of Texas is
individualistic and traditionalistic.
The approximate area of Texas in square miles is
In 1972, Barbara Jordan became
the first African American to represent Texas in Congress since Reconstruction.
Houston is situated in the
Gulf Coastal Plains
The international boundary that separates Texas from Mexico is the
Rio Grande and Rio Bravo
Cotton was first produced in large quantities for sale abroad
utilizing slave labor in East Texas.
The Texas Education Agency reports that about one-fifth of the state's teachers leave the profession because
They recieve poor pay;
They get inadequate benefits;
They are treated with little respect.
One of the fastest growing economic sectors in Texas today is
the service industry
Population shifts in Texas
math the national pattern with shifts from rural to urban and from large cities to suburbs
As a result of pressure from the NAACP in 2000, several plaques were removed from the Texas Supreme Court Building. These plaques
bore the likeness of the Confederate battle flag and the official Confederate seal
The two sources for the powers of the Texas government to govern are the
Texas Constitution and Texas's membership in the federal Union
The Texas Constitution has been criticized
for being too long and lacking organization
According to Jose Robert Juarez, Jr., and overlooked reason for Texans to revolt against Mexico was
language differences
Voter turnout for amendments
is always low
According to the textbook, the most disorganized segment of the Texas Constitution is that relating to
local government - scattered through Articles III, V, VII, IX, and XVI
In the American federal system, state constitutions are
subjust to the U.S. Constitution
Understanding the difference between state government and federal government involves
understanding that state constitutions are subject to the U.S. Constitution
Separation of powers
places the lawmaking, law-enforcing, and law-interpreting powers in distinct departments of government
The process for amending the Texas Constitution is a proposal by
two-thirds of the membership of each house of the legislature and ratification by a simple majority of voters casting ballots on the amendment
The principal means by which constitutional change has occurred in Texas since 1876 is
constitutional amendment
The special election of 1975 on the proposed Texas Constitution resulted in
defeat of all eight submissions with a low turnout
Constitutional amendment are voted on in elections called by
the legislature
The governor's role in the constitutional amendment process
is limited to the ability to use personal influence to sway the outcome
Two amendment adopted in 1999 and 2001 authorized
the elimination of obsolete wording from the Constitution
Because of the prevailing political philosophy among delegates in 1875, the Texas government may exercise
only those powers specified in the Texas Constitution
A good description of the 1876 Texas Constitution would be that it is
lengthy, confusing, and badly written
Which of the following provisions is found in the 1876 Constitution and could be characterized as a reaction against Reconstruction?
Repeal of compulsory school attendance laws and reinstatement of white racist segregation in public schools
The first President of Texas under the republic was
Sam Houston
Governor Rick Perry, in opposing federal stimulus funds from the Obama Administration hinted
at seceding from the Union
According to the text, Texas has had _____________ constitutions